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U.S. NAVY BASES IN BRAZIL - U.S NAVY BASES

9)NAF NORONHA IN PICTURES


Fernando Noronha facility, located on a small volcanic island 210 miles off the eastern coast of Brazil, was established by the Army in an agreement with the Brazilian government in early 1943. It was established as a naval air facility on 26 November 1943. The U.S. Navy utilized the field to support patrol squadron detachments of up to six aircraft, usually the shorter range PV-1 Ventura land planes of VPBs 125, 134 and 145, operating out of FortalezaBrazil. VPBs 45 and 94 also deployed detachments to this facility. The NAF portion of the base  was disestablished on 30 June 1945.


Fernando Noronha served since 1942 until 1945 as the main Brazilian military outpost in South Atlantic. The war caused a thorough modification on the main island when several facilities were built or enlarged in order to garrison 3 000 troops. A new  6000 foot  runway was built to receive  VP  squadrons  of PBY 5 Catalinas. Gun emplacements as well as anti aircraft batteries were placed around the island.


On 7 JUN 44, a detachment of Catalinas was sent to NAF Noronha to conduct a series of daily sector sweeps on A/S patrols. Facilities at this tiny base located 210 miles of northeastern coast of Brazil were cramped and primitive. Squadron VP-45 shared the base with PV 1 Ventura land planes detachments from VB 125, 134 and 145 based out of NAF  PICI Field at Fortaleza



South Atlantic. These anti aircraft guns where in the same batch of the coastal batteries Brazil acquired  at the beginning of the hostilities. Shipments arrived in 1941. Photo kindly sent by Mrs. Marietta Borges. 



Brazilian Army soldiers seen gathered for a mass with the Army chaplain in foreground



Pictures show Brazilian Army US Vickers Mk XIX 152.4 mm (3") guns.99 of these guns (a large number of these British guns was manufactured during WW1 for theUSA) were sold by the USA to Brazil during 1940. The island was converted into a fortress and the easternmost outpost of South American continent with intense Anti submarine patrol sweeps.  Photo kindly sent by Mrs. Marietta Borges.



Personnel inspection is held. View of buildings on stations, the paved 5,000 foot runway and in aft, the highest elevation. The"Peak Hill". Morro do Pico.



Activities at NAS, Fernando Noronha, Brazil. Brazilian and American flags go up together.



One lonely US patrol bomber PV 1 Ventura is seen over the island with the Morro do Pico Hill in the center. 



Brazilian detachment around one anti aircraft gun. In 1942 as soon as Brazil declared War on Axis there was a widespread fear that the German and Italian submarines could attack the garrison.



The photo above shows a German 88 mm anti aircraft gun. 



Rare view of one PBY 5 A Catalina from US Navy VP 74 Squadron. One of them attacked and sunk Italian submarine Archimede earlier in 1943



The tiny idyllic island of Fernando Noronha 295 miles off Recife was an important support base for patrolling duties in south Atlantic.  Served as refueling point for the ever increasing USA Army air force planes bound for Africa. Also one US  Navy  VP  squadron with  Pby-5  Catalinas was stationed there. The picture above shows the treeless island seen from German dirigible Zeppelin circa 1937.


 

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