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THE AXIS AND ALLIED MARITIME OPERATIONS AROUND SOUTHERN AFRICA 1939 1945 - WAR ON SOUTHERN AFRICA SEA

35)SOURCES


Sources

1.  BOOKS

Agar-Hamilton, J., and Turner, L., Crisis in the Desert, May-June 1942 (Cape Town, 1952).

Agar-Hamilton, J., and Turner, L., The Sidi Rezegh Battles, 1941 (Cape Town, 1957).

Austin, B.A., Schonland: Scientist and Soldier: From lightning on the veld to nuclear power at Harwell: the life of Field Marshal Montgomery's scientific adviser (Florida: CRC Press, 2001).

Ball, S., The Bitter Sea: The Struggle for Mastery in the Mediterranean, 1935-1949 (London: Harper, 2009).

Batchelor, J. and Batchelor, C.C., The Complete Encyclopedia of Submarines 15782006 (Lisse: Rebo International, 2009).

Bird, K.W., Erich Raeder: Admiral of the Third Reich (Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 2013).

Black, J., War in the New Century (London: Continuum, 2001).

Black, J., Rethinking Military History (Abingdon: Routledge, 2004).

Blanke, R., et al, Germany and the Second World War: Volume IX/I: German Wartime Society 1939–1945: Politicization, Disintegration, and the Struggle for Survival (Oxford: Clarendon, 2008).

Boog, H., et al, Germany and the Second World War: Volume IV: The Attack on the Soviet Union (Oxford: Clarendon, 1998).

Boog, H., et al, Germany and the Second World War: Volume VI: The Global War (Oxford: Clarendon, 2001).

Boog, H., et al, Germany and the Second World War: Volume VII: The Strategic Air War in Europe and the War in the West and East Asia 1943–1944/5 (Oxford: Clarendon, 2006).

Boyd, A., The Royal Navy in Eastern Waters: Linchpin of Victory 1935-1942 (Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 2017).

Brown, A.C., A History of Scientific Endeavour in South Africa (Cape Town: Royal Society of South Africa, 1977).

Brown, J.A., Gathering of Eagles: The Campaigns of the South African Air Force (Cape Town: Purnell, 1970).

Brown, J.A., Eagles Strike: The Campaigns of the South African Air Force (Cape Town: Purnell, 1974).

Burman, J., and Levin, S., The Saldanha Bay Story (Cape Town: Human &              Rousseau, 1974).

Busch, H., U-Boats at War (London: Putnam, 1955).

Chiari, B., et al, Germany and the Second World War: Volume IX/II: German Wartime Society 1939–1945: Exploitation, Interpretations, Exclusion (Oxford: Clarendon, 2014).

Churchill, W.S., The Second World War, Vol. IV: The Hinge of Fate (London: Cassell & Co, 1950).

Corbett, J.S., Some Principles of Maritime Strategy (London: Longmans Green, 1918).

Deist, W. et al, Germany and the Second World War: Volume I: The Build-up of German Aggression (Oxford: Clarendon, 1990).

Dimbleby, K.G., Hostilities Only (Cape Town: Unie-Volkspers, 1944).

Doenitz, K., Memoirs: Ten Years and Twenty Days (Boston: De Capo Press, 1997).

Dönitz, K., Zehn Jahre und Zwanzig Tage (Bonn: Athenäum-Verlag Junker und Dünnhaupt, 1958).

Feinstein, C.H., An Economic History of South Africa: Conquest, Discrimination, and Development (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005).

Frieser, K., et al, Germany and the Second World War: Volume VIII: The Eastern Front 1943-1944: The War in the East and on the Neighbouring Fronts (Oxford: Clarendon, 2007).

Gardner, W.J.R., Decoding History: The Battle of the Atlantic and Ultra (London: MacMillan Press, 1999).

Gordon-Cumming, H.R., Official History of the South African Naval Forces during the Second World War (1939-1945) (Simon’s Town: Naval Heritage Society of South Africa, 2008).

Hancock, W.K. and Gowing, M.M., History of the Second World War – United Kingdom Civil Series: British War Economy (London: Her Majesty’s Stationary Office, 1949).

Harris, C.J., War at Sea: South African Maritime Operations During World War II (Johannesburg: Ashanti, 1991).

Hashimoto, M., Sunk: The Story of the Japanese Submarine Fleet, 1942-1945 (London: Cassell & Co, 1954).

Hay, S., History of the R.N.V.R. South African Division (Cape Town: Juta, 1920).

Hinsley, F.H., et al, British Intelligence in the Second World War, Volume 1: Its Influence on Strategy and Operations (London: H.M. Stationery Office, 1979).

Hinsley, F.H., et al, British Intelligence in the Second World War, Volume 2: Its Influence on Strategy and Operations (London: H.M. Stationery Office, 1981).

Hinsley, F.H., et al, British Intelligence in the Second World War, Volume 3 (Part 1): Its Influence on Strategy and Operations (London: H.M. Stationery Office, 1984).

Hinsley, F.H., et al, British Intelligence in the Second World War, Volume 3 (Part 2): Its Influence on Strategy and Operations (London: H.M. Stationery Office, 1988).

Hinsley, F.H., et al, British Intelligence in the Second World War, Volume 4: Security and Counter-Intelligence (London: H.M. Stationery Office, 1990).

Hinsley, F.H., et al, British Intelligence in the Second World War, Volume 5: Strategic Deception (London: H.M. Stationery Office, 1990).

Howarth, S. and Law D. (eds.), The Battle of the Atlantic 1939-1945: the 50th anniversary International Naval Conference (University of Michigan: Greenhill, 1994).

Jacobs, F.J., et al, South African Corps of Signals (Pretoria: SAW Dokumentasiediens, 1975).

Johnston-White, I.E., The British Commonwealth and Victory in the Second World War (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017).

Katz, D.B., South Africans versus Rommel: The Untold Story of the Desert War in World War II (Maryland: Stackpole, 2017).

Keegan, J., Battle at Sea: From Man-of-War to Submarine (London: Pilmico, 1988).

Kennedy, G., Britain’s War at Sea, 1914-1918: The war they thought and the war they fought (Basingstoke: Routledge, 2016).

Kennedy, G., The Royal Navy and Imperial Defence, 1919-1945 (London: Routledge, 2008).

Kennedy, P.M., The Rise and Fall of British Naval Mastery (New York: Humanity Books, 1986).

Koorts, L., DF Malan and the Rise of Afrikaner Nationalism (Cape Town: Tafelberg Publishers, 2014).

Kroener, B.R., et al, Germany and the Second World War: Volume V/I: Organization and Mobilization of the German Sphere of Power: Wartime Administration, Economy, and Manpower Resources 1939–1941 (Oxford: Clarendon, 2000).

Kroener, B.R., et al, Germany and the Second World War: Volume V/II: Organization and Mobilization of the German Sphere of Power: Wartime Administration, Economy, and Manpower Resources 1942–1944/5 (Oxford: Clarendon, 2003).

Lambert, A.D., War at Sea in the Age of Sail (London: Cassell, 2000).

Lambert, A.D., A Naval History of Great Britain (London: Conway, 2002).

Lambert, A.D., Naval History 1850-Present (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007).

Leighton, R.M., and Coakley, R.W., Global Logistics and Strategy, 1940-1943 (Washington: US Army Centre of Military History, 1995).

Llewellyn-Jones, M., The Royal Navy and Anti-Submarine Warfare, 1917-49 (London: Routledge, 2014).

Mahan, A.T., Naval Strategy: Compared and Contrasted with the Principles and Practise of Military Operations on Land (London: Sampson Low, Marston & Company, 1911).

Mahncke, J.O.E.O., U-Boats & Spies in Southern Africa: Anecdotes, Legends, Stories (Cape Town: New Voices Publishing, 2008).

Maier, K.A., et al, Germany and the Second World War: Volume II: Germany's Initial Conquests in Europe (Oxford: Clarendon, 1991).

Malherbe, E.G., Never a Dull Moment (Cape Town: Howard Timmins, 1981).

Martin, H.J., and Orpen, N., Eagles Victorious: The Operations of the South African Forces over the Mediterranean and Europe, in Italy, the Balkans and the Aegean, and from Gibraltar and West Africa (Cape Town: Purnell, 1977).

Martin, H.J., and Orpen, N., South Africa at War: Military and Industrial Organization and Operations in connection with the conduct of the War, 19391945 (Cape Town: Purnell, 1979).

Marx, C., Oxwagon Sentinel: Radical Afrikaner Nationalism and the History of the Ossewabrandwag (Pretoria: Unisa Press, 2008).

Murray, W., and Millett, A.R., A War to be Won: Fighting the Second World War (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2001).

Neidpath, J., The Singapore Naval Base and the Defence of Britain's Eastern Empire, 1919-1941 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1981).

Orpen, N., East Africa and Abyssinian Campaigns (Cape Town, 1968).

Orpen, N., War in the Desert (Cape Town: Purnell, 1971).

Orpen, N., Victory in Italy (Cape Town: Purnell, 1975).

Orpen, N., and Martin, H.J., Salute the Sappers, Part 1 (Johannesburg: Sappers Association, 1981). 

Orpen, N., and Martin, H.J., Salute the Sappers, Part 2 (Johannesburg: Sappers Association, 1982).

Postan, M.M., History of the Second World War – United Kingdom Civil Series:

British War Production (London: Her Majesty’s Stationary Office, 1952).

Potter, E.B., and Nimitz, C.W., Sea Power, A Naval Power (Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, 1960).

Pound, R., Evans of the Broke: A Biography of Admiral Lord Mountevans KCB, DSO, LLD (London: Oxford University Press, 1963).

Radley W., and Radley, M., Twee Poorte: Oorlogservaringe van Twee SuidAfrikaners Gedurende die Tweede Wêreldoorlog (Unpublished Manuscript, 1979).

Raeder, E.J.A., Grand Admiral: The Personal Memoirs of the Commander in Chief of the German Navy from 1935 until the final break with Hitler in 1943 (Boston: Da Capo Press, 2001).

Rooseboom, H., Die Oorlog Trap My Vas (Johannesburg: Voortrekkerpers, 1940).

Roskill, S.W., The War at Sea: Volume I – The Defensive (London: HM Stationary Office, 1954).

Roskill, S.W., The War at Sea: Volume II – The Period of Balance (London: HM Stationary Office, 1956).

Roskill, S.W., The War at Sea: Volume III – The Offensive (Part I) (London: HM Stationary Office, 1960).

Roskill, S.W., The War at Sea: Volume III – The Offensive (Part II) (London: HM Stationary Office, 1961).

Roskill, S.W., A Merchant Fleet in War 1939-1945 (London: Collins, 1962).

Rossler, E., The U-boat: The Evolution and Technical History of German Submarines (Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1982).

Savas, T.P., Silent Hunters: German U-Boat Commanders of World War II (Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 2003).

Schreiber, G., et al, Germany and the Second World War: Volume III: The Mediterranean, South-East Europe, and North Africa 1939–1942 (Oxford: Clarendon, 1995).

Slader, J., The Fourth Service: Merchantmen at War 1939-45 (Wimborne Minster: New Guild, 1995).

Smith, K., Conflict over Convoys: Anglo-American Logistics Diplomacy in the Second World War (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).

Spong, H., Osborne R. and Grover, T., Armed Merchant Cruisers 1878-1945 (Windsor: World Ship Society, 2017).

Stewart, A., The First Victory: The Second World War and the East Africa Campaign (London: Yale University Press, 2016).

Strachan, H., European Armies and the Conduct of War (London: Routledge, 1993).

Strydom, H., Vir Volk en Führer: Robey Leibbrandt & Operation Weissdorn (Cape Town: Jonathan Ball, 1983).

Tarrant, V.E., The U-boat Offensive 1914–1945 (London: Arms and Armour Press, 1989).

Till, G., Seapower: A Guide for the Twenty-First Century (Abingdon: Routledge, 2018).

Turner, L.C.F, Gordon-Cumming, H.R. and Betzler, J., War in the Southern Oceans, 1939-1945 (Cape Town: Oxford University Press, 1961).

Union Office of Census and Statistics, Official Yearbook of the Union of South

Africa and of Basutoland, Bechuanaland Protectorate and Swaziland, No. 23, 1947 (Government Printer, Pretoria, 1948).

US Navy Department, United States Naval Administration in World War II: History of Convoy and Routing (Washington: Navy Department, 1945).

Van der Waag, I.J., A Military History of Modern South Africa (Jeppestown: Jonathan Ball, 2015).

Van der Schyff, P.F., Die Ossewa-Brandwag en die Tweede Wêreldoorlog (Potchefstroom: PU vir CHO, 1983).

Van der Schyff, P.F., Geskiedenis van die Ossewa-Brandwag (Potchefstroom: PU vir CHO, 1984).

Van Rensburg, J.F.J., Their Paths Crossed Mine: Memoirs of the CommandantGeneral of the Ossewa-Brandwag (South Africa: Central News Agency, 1956).

Visser, G.C., OB: Traitors or Patriots? (Johannesburg: MacMillan, 1976).

Vreÿ, F. and Mandrup, T., Towards Good Order at Sea: African Experiences (Stellenbosch: SUN MeDIA, 2015).

Whinney, R., The U-Boat Peril: An Anti-Submarine Commander’s War (London: Arrow Books, 1989).

Woodburn Kirby, S., et al, The War against Japan: The Loss of Singapore (Vol. I) (London: H.M. Stationery Office, 1957).

Woodburn Kirby, S., et al, The War against Japan: India’s Most Dangerous Hour (Vol. II) (London: H.M. Stationery Office, 1958).

Woodburn Kirby, S., et al, The War against Japan: The Decisive Battles (Vol. III) (London: H.M. Stationery Office, 1961).

Woodburn Kirby, S., et al, The War against Japan: The Reconquest of Burma (Vol. IV) (London: H.M. Stationery Office, 1965).

Woodburn Kirby, S., et al, The War against Japan: The Surrender of Japan (Vol. V) (London: H.M. Stationery Office, 1969).


2. THESES

Albertyn, Y., Upsetting the Applecart: Government and Food Control in the Union of South Africa during World War II c. 1939-1948. Master’s Thesis, Stellenbosch University, 2014.

Cousineau, S., Ruthless War: A Comparative Analysis of German and American “Unrestricted” Submarine Warfare in the Second World War. Doctoral Thesis, University of Calgary, 2007.

Fokkens, A.M., The Role and Application of the Union Defence Force in The Suppression Of Internal Unrest, 1912 – 1945. MMil Thesis, Stellenbosch University, 2006.

Garcia, A., Manoeuvre Warfare in the South African Campaign in German South West Africa during the First World War. MA Thesis, University of South Africa, 2015.

Horn, K., South African prisoner-of-war experience during and after World War II: 1939 – c.1950. PhD Thesis, Stellenbosch University, 2012.

Katz, D.B., Sidi Rezegh and Tobruk: Two South African Military Disasters Revisited, 1941-1942. MMil Thesis, Stellenbosch University, 2014.

Monama, F.L., Wartime Propaganda in the Union of South Africa, 1939-1945. PhD Thesis, Stellenbosch University, 2014.


3.  JOURNAL ARTICLES & BOOK CHAPTERS

Austin, B.A., ‘The South African Corps of Scientists’ in Military History Journal, 14(1), 2007. (http://samilitaryhistory.org/vol141ba.html).

Austin, B.A., ‘On the Development of Radar in South Africa and Its Use in the Second World War’ in The Radio Science Bulletin, 358, 2016, pp. 69-81.

Bisset, W.M., ‘Coast Artillery in South Africa’ in Nöthling, C.J. (ed), Ultima Ratio Regum (Pretoria: SADF Military Information Bureau, 1987), pp. 333-357.

Bisset, W.M., ‘Unpublished Chapters from the Official History of the SA Naval Forces during the Second World War’ in Scientia Militaria, 1992, 22(1), pp. v-52.

Brodie B., ‘New Tactics in Naval Warfare’ in Foreign Affairs, 24(2), 1946, pp. 210223.

Brown, C.A., ‘African Labor in the Making of World War II’ in Byfield, J.A., Brown, C.A., Parsons, T., and Sikainga, A.A. (eds.), Africa and World War II (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2015), pp. 43-70.

Byfield, J.A., ‘Producing for the War’ in Byfield, J.A., Brown, C.A., Parsons, T., and Sikainga, A.A. (eds.), Africa and World War II (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2015), pp. 24-42.

Carroll, F.M., ‘The First Shot was the Last Straw: The Sinking of the T.S.S. Athenia in September 1939 and British Naval Policy in the Second World War‘ in Diplomacy & Statecraft, 20, 2009, pp. 403-413.

Clarence-Smith, W.G., ‘Africa’s “Battle for Rubber” in the Second World War’ in Byfield, J.A., Brown, C.A., Parsons, T., and Sikainga, A.A. (eds.), Africa and World War II (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2015), pp. 162-182.

Close, R.W., ‘South Africa's Part in the War’ in World Affairs, 106(3), 1943, pp. 184-187.

Dedering, T., ‘Air Power in South Africa, 1914–1939’ in Journal of Southern African Studies, 41(3), 2015, pp. 451-465.

Dörning, W.A., ‘The West and the Cape Sea Route’ in Militaria, 9(3), 1979, pp. 46-

52.

Dumett, R., ‘Africa's Strategic Minerals During the Second World War’ in The Journal of African History, 26(4), 1985, pp. 381-408.

Ellis, J., ‘Oswald Pirow’s Five-Year Plan for the Reorganisation of the Union Defence Force, 1933-1939’ in Scientia Militaria, 30(2), 2000, pp. 221-234.

Faulkner, M., ‘The Kriegsmarine, Signals Intelligence and the Development of the B-Dienst Before the Second World War’ in Intelligence and National Security, 25(4), pp. 521-546.

Fedorowich, E.K., ‘German Espionage and British Counter-Intelligence in South Africa and Mozambique, 1939-1944’ in The History Journal, 48(1), 2005, pp. 209230.

Fokkens, A.M., ‘Afrikaner Unrest within South Africa during the Second World War and the measures taken to suppress it’ in Journal for Contemporary History, 37(2), 2012, pp.  123-142.

Furlong, P., ‘Allies at War? Britain and the ‘Southern African Front’ in the Second World War’ in South African Historical Journal, 54(1), 2009, pp. 16-29.

Gomm, N. ‘South Africa's Electronic Shield’ in Military History Journal, 2(3), 1972. (http://samilitaryhistory.org/vol023go.html).

Grey, J., ‘’Standing Humbly in the Ante-Chambers of Clio’: the Rise and Fall of Union War Histories’ in Scientia Militaria, 30(2), 2000, pp. 253-266.

Hammond, R., ‘British Policy on Total Maritime Warfare and the Anti-Shipping Campaign in the Mediterranean, 1940–1944’ in The Journal of Strategic Studies, 36(6), 2013, pp. 789-814.

Harrison, E.D.R., ‘On Secret Service for the Duce: Umberto Campini in Portuguese East Africa, 1941-1943’ in The English Historical Review, 122(499), 2007, pp. 1318-1349.

Harrison, E.D.R., ‘British Radio Security and Intelligence, 1939-43’ in The English Historical Review, 124(506), 2009, pp. 53-93.

Henshaw, P.J., ‘Britain, South Africa and the Sterling Area: Gold Production, Capital Investment and Agricultural Markets, 1931-1961’ in The Historical Journal, 39(1), 1996, pp. 197-223.

Herwig, H.H., ‘The Failure of German Sea Power, 1914-1945: Mahan, Tirpitz, and Raeder Reconsidered’ in The International History Review, 10(1), 1988, pp. 68105.

Hewitt, F.J. ‘South Africa's role in the development and use of Radar in World

            War          II’          in          Military          History          Journal,          3(3),          1975.

(http://samilitaryhistory.org/vol033fh.html).

Hewitt, F.J., ‘Basil Schonland: Memories of the man at work’ in South African Journal of Science, 98, 2002, pp. 11-13.

Hughes, W.P., ‘Naval Operations: A Close Look at the Operational Level of War at Sea’ in Naval War College Review, 65(3), 2012, pp. 23-46.

Jackson, A., ‘The Empire/Commonwealth and the Second World War’ in The Round Table, 100(412), 2011, pp. 65-78.

Katz, D.B., ‘A Case of Arrested Development: The Historiography Relating to South Africa’s Participation in the Second World War’ in Scientia Militaria, 40(3), 2012, pp. 280-317.

Katz, M., ‘A Case Study in International Organisation’ in Harvard Business Review, 25(1), 1946, pp. 1-20.

Khan, D., ‘Codebreaking in World Wars I and II: The Major Successes and Failures, their Causes and their Effects’ in The Historical Journal, 23(3), 1980, pp. 617-639.

Khan, R.A., ‘Strategic Role of the Indian Ocean During Second World War’ in Pakistan Horizon, 35(2), 1989, pp. 39-50.

King, E.J., ‘The Role of Sea Power in International Security’ in Proceedings of the Academy of Political Science, 21(3), 1945, pp. 79-86.

Kleynhans, E.P. ‘‘Good Hunting’: German Submarine Offensives and South African Countermeasures off the South African Coast during the Second World War, 1942-1945’ in Scientia Militaria, 44(1), 2016, pp. 168-189.

Lautenschlager, K., ‘The Submarine in Naval Warfare, 1901-2001’ in International Security, 11(3), 1986-1987, pp. 94-140.

Lewis, W.A., ‘The Inter-Relations of Shipping Freights’ in Economica, 8(29), 1941, pp. 52-76.

Malyon, B.H., ‘South African Shipping’ in Journal of the Royal African Society, 36(145), 1937, pp. 438-446.

Mangin, G. and Lloyd, S., ‘The Special Signal Services (SSS)’ Shield’ in Military History Journal, 11(2), 1998. (http://samilitaryhistory.org/vol112ml.html).

Martin, W.G., ‘The Making of an Industrial South Africa: Trade and Tariffs in the Interwar Period’ in The International Journal of African Historical Studies, 23(1), 1991, pp. 59-85.

Marx, C., ‘‘Dear Listeners in South Africa’: German Propaganda Broadcasts to South Africa, 1940 –1941’ in South African Historical Journal, 27(1), 1992, pp. 148-172.

McMahon, C.J., ‘Maritime Trade Warfare: A Strategy for the Twenty-First Century?’ in Naval War College Review, 70(3) 2017, pp. 15-38.

Meyer, C.M., ‘From Spices to Oil: Sea Power and the Sea Routes around the Cape’ in Militaria, 18(2), 1988, pp. 1-11.

Milner, M., ‘The battle of the Atlantic’ in Journal of Strategic Studies, 13(1), 1990, pp. 45-66.

Monama, F.L., ‘South African Propaganda Agencies and the Battle for Public Opinion during the Second World War, 1939–1945’ in Scientia Militaria, 44(1), 2016, pp. 145-167.

Moore, B., ‘Unwanted Guests in Troubled Times: German Prisoners of War in the Union of South Africa, 1942-1943’ in The Journal of Military History, 70(1), 2006, pp. 63-90.

Peifer, D.C., ‘Maritime Commerce Warfare: The coercive response of the weak?’ in Naval War College Review, 66(2), 2013, pp. 83-109.

Perry, H.S., ‘The Wartime Merchant Fleet and Postwar Shipping Requirements’ in The American Economic Review, 36(2), 1946, pp. 520-546.

Potgieter, T.D., ‘Maritime Defence and the South African Navy to the Cancellation of the Simon's Town Agreement’ in Scientia Militaria, 30(2), 2000, pp. 159-182.

Potgieter, T.D., ‘Guiding the Seafarers: The South African Hydrographic Office and the Contribution of the Three Proteas’ in Scientia Militaria, 40(3), 2012, pp. 147176.

Rohwer, J., ‘Signal Intelligence and World War II: The Unfolding Story’ in The Journal of Military History, 63, 1999, pp. 939-951.

Roucek, J.S., ‘The Geopolitics of the Mediterranean, I’ in The American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 13(1), July 1953, pp. 347-354.

Roucek, J.S., ‘The Geopolitics of the Mediterranean, II’ in The American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 13(1), October 1953, pp. 71-86.

Stott, N.A., ‘South Africa's secret war: The war against enemy submarines, 19391945’ in Military History Journal, 11(1), 1998. Online Access

(http://www.samilitaryhistory.org/vol111ns.html).

Shear, K., ‘Colonel Coetzee's War: Loyalty, Subversion and the South African Police, 1939–1945’ in South African Historical Journal, 65(2), 2013, pp. 222-248.

Stemmet, P.A., ‘Mahan se Teorie van Seemag’ in Militaria, 21(3), 1991, pp. 35-40.

Steury, D.P., ‘Naval Intelligence, the Atlantic Campaign and the Sinking of the Bismarck: A Study in the Integration of Intelligence into the Conduct of Naval Warfare’ in Journal of Contemporary History, 22(2), 1987, pp. 209-233.

Tembo, A., ‘Rubber Production in Northern Rhodesia during the Second World War, 1942-1946’ in African Economic History, 41, 2013, pp. 223-255.

Thomas, M., ‘Imperial backwater or strategic outpost? The British takeover of Vichy Madagascar, 1942’ in The Historical Journal, 39(4), 1996, pp. 1049-1074.

Uhlig, F., ‘Fighting At and From the Sea: A Second Opinion’ in Naval War College Review, 56(2), 2003, pp. 39-52.

Van der Waag, I.J., ‘The Union Defence Force Between the World Wars, 19191940’ in Scientia Militaria, 30(2), 2000, pp. 183-219.

Van der Waag, I.J., ‘Contested Histories: Official History and the South African

Military in the Twentieth Century’ in Grey, J. (ed), The Last Word? Essays on Official History in the United States and British Commonwealth (Westport: Praeger, 2003), pp. 27-52.

Van der Waag, I.J., ‘‘The Thin Edge of the Wedge’: Anglo-South African Relations, Dominion Nationalism and the Formation of the Seaward Defence Force in 1939–1940’ in Contemporary British History, 24(4), 2010, pp. 427-449.

Van der Waag, I.J., ‘Smuts’s Generals: Towards a First Portrait of the South African High Command, 1912–1948’ in War in History, 18(1), 2011, pp. 33-61.

Van der Waag, I.J., ‘South African defence in the age of total war, 1900–1940’ in Historia, 60(1), 2015, pp. 129-155.

Van Deventer, M.C., ‘Die Ontwikkeling van 'n Militêre Inligtingsvermoë Vir Die Unieverdedigingsmag,1937-1943’ in Militaria, 25(2), 1995, pp. 86-103.

Visser, G.E., ‘Anglo-South African Relations and the Erebus Scheme, 1936-1939’ in Scientia Militaria, 35(1), 2007, pp. 68-98.

Visser, G.E., ‘‘Mutiny’ on HMS Erebus, September 1939’ in War & Society, 27(1), 2008, pp. 59-77.

Visser, G.E., and Monama, F.L., ‘Black workers, typhoid fever and the construction of the Berg River – Saldanha military water pipeline, 1942 – 1943’ in TD: The Journal for Transdisciplinary Research in Southern Africa, 4(1), 2008, pp. 181-208.

Visser, G.E., Jacobs, A., and Smit, H., ‘Water for Saldanha: War as an Agent of Change’ in Historia, 53(1), 2008, pp. 130-161.

Wessels, A., ‘South Africa and the War against Japan 1941-1945’ in Military History Journal, 10(3), 1996. (http://samilitaryhistory.org/vol103aw.html).

Wessels, A., ‘.Die stryd teen Nippon: Suid-Afrika en Japan, 1941-1945’ in Journal for Contemporary History, 30(3), 2005, pp. 222-241.

Wessels, A., ‘The South African Navy and its Predecessors, 1910-2010: A Century of Interaction with Commonwealth Navies’ in Scientia Militaria, 38(2), 2010, pp. 109-130.


4.         GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS

4.1       Acts of Parliament

South Africa Defence Act (13 of 1912).


  1. INTERNET SOURCES

German      Naval      History     Website      –     Accessed     on      5      June     2017.(http://www.german-navy.de/kriegsmarine/ships/auxcruiser/index.html).

Imperial         Japanese        Navy   Website          –          Accessed        on        24-27 April   2017. (http://www.combinedfleet.com/).

Regia       Marina      Italiana      –Website      Accessed      on       9      May      2017.(http://www.regiamarina.net/)

Uboat.net          –          Website          Accessed          on          5          June          2017 (https://uboat.net/).


ARCHIVAL SOURCES

6.1      Department of Defence Documentation Centre

6.1.1    Commander Fortress Air Defences

CFAD, Box 12, File: Cape Fortress Intelligence Summary. Cape Fortress intelligence summary no. 10, 4 Dec 1942.

CFAD, Box 12, File: Attacks on U-boats and submarines. Circular from CCAD to Fortress Command and SAAF squadrons regarding U-boat attacks, 12 Jan 1943.

CFAD, Box 12, File: Intelligence – Attacks on U-boats and submarines. Lecture on A/S warfare by Wing Commander Lombard, 22 Feb 1943.

6.1.2    Diverse (Group 1)

Diverse, Group 1, Box 123, File: Coast 22 (O) Organisation general. Letter from air headquarters East Africa to OC Advanced Operations Section air headquarters East Africa re operation control to be exercised by the Advanced Operations Section, air headquarters, East Africa, situated at Cape Town, 11 May 1943.

Diverse, Group 1, Box 123, File: Organisation – General. Personal correspondence from CGS to C-in-C South Atlantic, 2 Jun 1944.

Diverse, Group 1, Box 123, File: Operation Vehement. Operational order for Operation Vehement, 5 Aug 1944.

Diverse, Group 1, Box 125, File: Barrage II. Circular from C-in-C South Atlantic to GOC Coastal Area re Barrage II, 24 Nov 1943.

Diverse, Group 1, Box 125, File: Barrage II. Operation Bustard ops order, 27 Nov 1943.

Diverse, Group 1, Box 125, File: Woodcutter. Operation Woodcutter ops order, 1 Jan 1944.

Diverse, Group 1, Box 125, File: Operation Wicketkeeper. Operation Wicketkeeper, 8 Mar 1944.

Diverse, Group 1, Box 125, File: Operation Wicketkeeper. Messages and Sitreps concerning Operation Wicketkeeper, Mar 1944.

Diverse, Group 1, Box 126, File: Coastal appreciations general. A Japanese attack on South Africa: An appreciation from the enemy point of view, 29 Sept 1942.

Diverse, Group 1, Box 126, File: Coastal appreciations general. Most secret communication between DECHIEF and OPPOSITELY regarding the scales of attack by sea and air in South African waters, 8 Apr 1943.

Diverse, Group 1, Box 126, File: Operation “Throttle”. Operation Throttle ops order, 30 May 1944.

Diverse, Group 1, Box 126, File: Operation “Steadfast”. Operation Steadfast ops order, 12 Jun 1944.

Diverse, Group 1, Box 126, File: Operation Tricolour (location + destruction Uboat). Message from Admiralty to C-in-C SA re Operation Tricolour, 25 Jul 1944.

Diverse, Group 1, Box 127, File: Appreciations navy. C-in-C South Atlantic appreciation of the naval situation in the Cape area, 4 Oct 1942.

6.1.3    Chief of the General Staff (War)

CGS War, Box 38, File: Coast Defence Guns. Secret Proposal for the Modernisation of Coast Defences, 22 Jun 1938.

CGS War, Box 38, File: Coast Defence Equipment. Secret Policy on Coast Defence, 16 Sept 1939.

CGS War, Box 38, File: Port and Dock Security Measures. Extract from Col Webster’s report on security at the Port of Cape Town, undated (probably Jun 1940).

CGS War, Box 38, File: Port and Dock Security Measures. Memorandum of Meeting held at DHW re Docks Field Security, 15 Oct 1942.

CGS War, Box 38, File: Port and Dock Security Measures. Notes of meeting held at DHQ in connection with the proposed formation of a Port Security Unit, 15 Oct 1942.

CGS War, Box 38, File: Blackouts and lighthouses. Correspondence between Tait and Van Ryneveld re coastal blackouts, 19 Jun 1942.

CGS War, Box 38, File: Blackouts and lighthouses. Circular from Office of the C-inC South Atlantic Station (Tait) to Naval Liaison Officers at Durban, East London, Port Elizabeth and Cape Town re harbour and coast lights, 19 Jun 1942.

CGS War, Box 38, File: Blackouts and lighthouses. Correspondence between Secretary of Defence and Minister of Justice re black-out conditions coastal area, 29 Sept 1943.

CGS War, Box 38, File: Blackouts and lighthouses. Letter from C-in-C South Atlantic to CGS, 31 May 1945.

CGS War, Box 122, File: Raiders. Secret report on possible operation of Italian submarines in the Indian Ocean, 3 Jul 1940.

CGS War, Box 122, File: Raiders. Most secret cable between DECHIEF and COASTCOM re sinking of German submarine off Cape Town, 9 Oct 1942.

CGS War, Box226, File: Wireless stations (communications with). Secret note on the interception of illicit communications, 2 Nov 1939.

CGS War, Box 226, File: W.T. stations: Ship to shore & ship to aircraft. Letter from Harlech to Smuts re Admiralty Policy with regard to wireless communication, 9 Mar 1943.

CGS War, Box 265, File: Sitreps coastal area. Most secret cypher between Coastcom and Dechief Fortcoms, 21 Aug 1943.

CGS War, Box 265, File: Sitreps coastal area. Most secret Sitrep from Dechief Cape Town to Coastcom, 7 Mar 1944.

6.1.4    Chief of the General Staff (Group 2)

CGS, Group 2, Box 209, File: CGS/367/13/9. DCGS to Director of Training and Operations, 3 Aug 1939.             

6.1.5    Commander Seaward Defences

CSD, Box 15, File: Group sailing operations Union waters. Note on commencement and ceasing of group sailings, 1944.

CSD, Box 15, File: Policy (escort groups). Note on commencement and ceasing of group sailings, 1944.

CSD, Box 15, File: Policy (escort groups). CSD Approval of exchange with RN of A/S vessels, 15 Nov 1943.

CSD, Box 15, File: Policy (escort groups). Personal correspondence between CSD and GOC coastal area re SANF vessels and A/S warfare, 30 Oct 1942.

CSD, Box 15, File: Policy (escort groups). Correspondence between CSD and SANOi/c Durban re SANF A/S vessels on escort duties, 28 Apr 1943.

CSD, Box 15, File: Policy (escort groups). Correspondence between CSD and SANOi/c Durban re participation of SANF vessels in convoy escorts from SA ports, 23 Jan 1943.

CSD, Box 25, File: SANF Escort Force exercises. Proposed Atlantic convoy instructions re action to counter U-boats anti-asdic tactics.

CSD, Box 43, File: SANF Anti-submarine Warfare Committees. Minutes of A/S SubCommittee meeting coastal area headquarters, 12 Mar 1943.

CSD, Box 43, File: SANF Anti-submarine Warfare Committees. Report by Officer Commanding HMSAS Gannet re U-boat warfare in the South Atlantic, 10 Jun 1943.

CSD, Box 43, File: SANF Anti-Submarine Warfare Committees. U-boat Warfare in the South Atlantic – Analysis of Attack by U-boat, 10 Jun 1943.

6.1.6    Secretary for Defence

DC, Box 1973, File DC 396/38: SNO to Secretary for Defence, 28 Sept 1939. DC, Box 1973, File DC 396/38: Secretary for Defence to SNO, 30 Sept 1939.

6.1.7    Union War Histories (Civil)

UWH Civil, Box 1, File: The Five-Year Defence Plan, 1947.

UWH Civil, Box 12, File: SA War Economy 1939-1945. Procurement of Supplies – SA Purchasing Organisation in USA.

UWH Civil, Box 16, File: The War Time Shipping Problem. Introduction and Background to the Shipping Crisis of 1942/1943.

UWH Civil, Box 16, File: The War Time Shipping Problem. Shipment of Union Government Cargo from the United Kingdom.

UWH Civil, Box 16, File: The War Time Shipping Problem. The Beginning of Shipping Control over Commercial Cargo.

UWH Civil, Box 16, File: The War Time Shipping Problem. Clearing the Accumulation of Commercial Cargo, and the commencement of Combined Shipping Adjustment Board Procedure, Jun-Dec 1942.

UWH Civil, Box 16, File: The War Time Shipping Problem. The Effect of Combined Shipping Procedure upon the Responsibilities of the Union High Commissioner’s Office 1942-1944.

UWH Civil, Box 23, File: SA Railways and Harbours Departmental Civil War History Vol VIII – Addenda to Volumes I and II Ports and Shipping. Port Development.

UWH Civil, Box 23, File: SA Railways and Harbours Departmental Civil War History Vol VIII – Addenda to Volumes I and II Ports and Shipping. Memorandum on the Ship Repair Organisation.

UWH Civil, Box 23, File: SA Railways and Harbours Departmental Civil War History Vol VIII – Addenda to Volumes I and II Ports and Shipping. Establishment and Functioning of Controller of Ship Repairs.

UWH Civil, Box 24, File: SA Railways and Harbours Departmental Civil War History Vol VIII. Ports & Shipping.

UWH Civil, Box 25, File: Shipping Repairs. South Africa’s Achievement in Wartime Shipping Repairs.

UWH Civil, Box 35, File PO/29. South African Purchasing Commission Inception and Organisation, 1940-1947.

UWH Civil, Box 36. File: Shipping. Statement of Shipments from the United Kingdom during the Period Jan to Dec 1943.

UWH Civil, Box 60, File: C 38. Wartime Shipping Problem.

UWH Civil, Box 73, File: Year Book, Section XI. Shipping.

UWH Civil, Box 86, File: MS 11. Coast Defence Policy, undated.

UWH Civil, Box 107, File War/C/131: Coordination of Allied War Effort – Control of Supply and Shipping. Telegram from Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs, London, to Minister for External Affairs, Cape Town, 27 Jan 1942.

UWH Civil, Box 107, File War/C/131: Coordination of Allied War Effort – Control of Supply and Shipping. Telegram from the Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs, London, to the Minister of External Affairs, Cape Town, 28 Jan 1942.

UWH Civil, Box 107, File War/C/131: Coordination of Allied War Effort – Control of Supply and Shipping. Telegram from High Commissioner, London, to Minister for External Affairs, Cape Town, 2 Mar 1942.

UWH Civil, Box 108, File: Import Control. Priority Rating.

UWH Civil, Box 108, File: Import Control. Shipping Term Allocation.

UWH Civil, Box 110, File: Import Control. Shipping Term System.

UWH Civil, Box 110, File: Procurement. Steel Shipment and Orders at Hand.

UWH Civil, Box 110, File: Shipping. Shipment of Steel Supplies.

UWH Civil, Box 111, File: Import Control. Certificates of Essentiality.

UWH Civil, Box 111, File: Import Control. Priority Rating Shipping.

UWH Civil, Box 111, File: Shipping. Position in 1945.

UWH Civil, Box 112, File: Import Control. Priority Rating in Relaxation to Shipping.

UWH Civil, Box 113, File: Shipping – Shipping for July and August 1942. Telegrams from South African Litigation, Washington to PrimeSec Pretoria, 22 Jul 1942.

UWH Civil, Box 113, File: Shipping – Position in June 1942. Telegram from Oppositely, London, to South African Litigation, Washington 17 Jun 1942.

UWH Civil, Box 114, File: Priority Rating. Backlog of Cargo from UK.

UWH Civil, Box 220, File: Union War Histories Translations 14a. U-boat Operations of the Axis Powers in S.A. Waters compiled by Dr Jurgen Rohwer, 1954.

UWH Civil, Box 240, File 215: Union Coast Defences. South African Naval Forces, 15 Aug 1940.

UWH Civil, Box 312, File: Fuehrer Conferences on Naval Affairs 1942. Report to the Fuehrer, made by the Commander-in-Chief, Navy the afternoon of 13 Feb 1942.

UWH Civil, Box 312, File: Fuehrer Conferences on Naval Affairs 1942. Report by the Commander-in-Chief Navy to the Fuehrer at Headquarters ”Wolfsschanze” the evening of 12 Mar 1942.

UWH Civil, Box 339, File: Gordon-Cumming U-Boat Material. Miscellaneous notes, undated.

UWH Civil, Box 339, File: Gordon-Cumming U-Boat Material. South Atlantic Station War Diary, Oct 1942.

UWH Civil, Box 339, File: Gordon-Cumming U-Boat Material. Extract from Proceedings of U-boat Assessment Committee (Volume 9), Sept-Dec 1942.

UWH Civil, Box 339, File: Gordon-Cumming U-Boat Material. Report on U-boat Activities in South African Waters, Oct-Dec 1942.

UWH Civil, Box 339, File: Gordon Cumming U-boat material. The Commanders-inChief South Atlantic and Eastern Fleet, Report on the safety of shipping in South African waters, 30 Mar 1943.

UWH Civil, Box 340, File: Long naval history. Ships lost or damaged by enemy action in South African waters.

UWH Civil, Box 341, File – U-Boat matters. Questions and answers submitted by UWH section to Fregattenkapitän Gunter Hessler re U-boat warfare in South African waters.

UWH Civil, Box 341, File: U-boat matters. Report on experience gained by U-459 refuelling 15 U-boats, 21 March – 15 May 1942.

UWH Civil, Box 341, File: U-boat matters. Operation Order “Eisbär”, 1 Aug 1942.

UWH Civil, Box 341, File: U-boat material. Report on U-boat policy & ops in South African waters by Walter Meyer.

UWH Civil, Box 341, File: U-boat material. Extracts from war diary U-159 (Helmut Witte), 24 Aug 1942 – 5 Jan 1943

UWH Civil, Box 341, File – U-boat material. Comments on war diary U 159 (Helmut Witte).

UWH Civil, Box 341, File: U-boat matters. Extract from letter from Carl Emmermann on Operation Eisbär, 17 Oct 1953.

UWH Civil, Box 341, File – U-boat material. Report on my experiences on board U68 on voyage to Cape Town from middle of August to middle of December 1942 by Walter Meyer

UWH Civil, Box 341, File: U-boat matters. Emmermann (U-172) on Operation

Eisbär

UWH Civil, Box 342, File: Newspaper Articles Naval War. ‘Gold gab für man Bose’ in Muenchner Illustrierte, 13 Mar 1954.

UWH Civil, Box 342, File: Newspaper Articles Naval War. R. Littell, ‘The Cruise of the Raider ATLANTIS´ in Readers Digest, Nov 1953, pp. 69-73.

UWH Civil, Box 342, File: Translations of Extracts from German Books. Schiff 16 (Atlantis) by Frank and Rogge.

UWH Civil, Box 342, File: “Pinguin”. Die Kaperfahrt des Hilfskreuzers “Pinguin” 1940/41 by Dr Hans Ulrich Roll – Meteorological officer of Pinguin.

UWH Civil, Box 342, File: Translations of Extracts from German Books. Das glückhafte Schiff Kreuzerfahrten des ADMIRAL SCHEER.

UWH Civil, Box 392, File: UWH Translations of Captured German Documents – German-Japanese High Level Documents on Strategy and Tactics. Minutes of meeting Chief SKL-Nomura, 17 Dec 1941.

UWH Civil, Box 392, File: UWH Translations of Captured German Documents – German-Japanese High Level Documents on Strategy and Tactics. 1/SKL

Appreciation of Situation, 18 Dec 1941.

UWH Civil, Box 392, File: UWH Translations of Captured German Documents – German-Japanese High Level Documents on Strategy and Tactics. Minutes Chief of Staff SKL to Chairman Military Commission of Tripartite Pact, 19 Dec 1941.

UWH Civil, Box 392, File: UWH Translations of Captured German Documents – German-Japanese High Level Documents on Strategy and Tactics. Copy of Military Agreement between Germany, Italy and Japan, 18 Jan 1942.

UWH Civil, Box 392, File: UWH Translations of Captured German Documents – German-Japanese High Level Documents on Strategy and Tactics. Report on discussion with Admiral Nomura from Chair Military Commission Tripartite Pact to Chief OKW, 17 Feb 1942.

UWH Civil, Box 392, File: UWH Translations of Captured German Documents – German-Japanese High Level Documents on Strategy and Tactics. Minutes of meeting between Admiral Nomura and Chief of Staff SKL, 27 Mar 1942.

UWH Civil, Box 392, File: UWH Translations of Captured German Documents – German-Japanese High Level Documents on Strategy and Tactics. Notes on main point of discussion Nomura-Fricke, 27 Mar 1942.

UWH Civil, Box 392, File: UWH Translations of Captured German Documents – German-Japanese High Level Documents on Strategy and Tactics. Minutes of meeting between C/SKL and Japanese Naval Liaison Staff, 8 Apr 1942.

UWH Civil, Box 392, File: UWH Translations of Captured German Documents – German-Japanese High Level Documents on Strategy and Tactics. Telegraphic report German Ambassador Tokyo to Reich Foreign Minister, 14 Apr 1942.

UWH Civil, Box 392, File: UWH Translations of Captured German Documents – German-Japanese High Level Documents on Strategy and Tactics. Minutes of meeting between Jodl, Nomura, Bansai at Fuehrer HQ, 8 Aug 1942.

UWH Civil, Box 392, File: UWH Translations of Captured German Documents – German-Japanese High Level Documents on Strategy and Tactics. Minutes of meeting Chief SKL-Nomura, 11 Aug 1942.


6.1.8    Map Collection

File – War in the Southern Oceans maps. Chart and List of Ships Sunk Captured or Damaged in the Waters off Southern Africa, 1939-1945.

6.1.9    Photographic Archive

841000346 – RAF Catalina of 262 Sqn.

781004773 – F/Lt E.S.S. Nash attacking U-Boat Uit22 with his Catalina Aircraft.

6.1.10 South African Air Force War Diaries

SAAF War Diaries, Box 122, File: A4 (22 Sqdn Jan – May 1944). 22 Squadron SAAF war diary Mar 1944.

SAAF War Diaries, Box 124, File: A4 (23 Sqn Jan–Dec 1944). 23 Squadron SAAF war diary Mar 1944.

SAAF War Diaries, Box 125, File: A3 (25 Sqdn Jul ’43 – Mar ’44). 25 Squadron SAAF War Diary Mar 1944.

SAAF War Diaries, Box 125, File: A3 (25 Sqdn Jul ’43 – Mar ’44). 25 Squadron SAAF War Diary Mar 1944, Secret UBAT report (Appendix B).

SAAF War Diaries, Box 127, File: D2 (262 Squadron Sept 42 – May 44). 262 Squadron RAF war diary Mar 1944.

SAAF War Diaries, Box 127, File: D2 (262 Squadron Sept 42 – May 44). 262

Squadron RAF war diary Mar 1944, Secret UBAT report – Flt Lt Roddick (Appendix).

SAAF War Diaries, Box 182, File: A1 (SAAF war diary CCAD). CCAD coastal area headquarters war diary Mar 1944.


6.2  South African National Museum of Military History
6.2.1 Masondo Reference Library – Photo Collection SA Navy Photo Collection, S.A. 410.
SA Navy Photo Collection, S.A. 429.
SA Navy Photo Collection, S.A. 470.
SA Navy Photo Collection, S.A. 659.
SA Navy Photo Collection, S.A. 987.
SA Navy Photo Collection, S.A. 1231.
SA Navy Photo Collection, S.A. 1628. SA Navy Photo Collection, S.A. 1651. SA Navy Photo Collection, S.A. 1657.
SA Navy Photo Collection, S.A. 5044.
SA Navy Photo Collection, S.A. 5219.
6.3       North-West University, RAM Division (Potchefstroom)

6.3.1    Ossewabrandwag Archive (OB Archive)

6.3.1.1 Correspondence Archive

A.F. Schulz Versameling. Nazisme in Andalusia Interneringskamp, 9 Okt 1940 – 22 Nov 1944

L. Sittig Collection. Lyste met kodes, ongedateer.

L. Sittig Collection. Kontak tussen die Ossewabrandwag en die Duitse Regering, 1942-1944.L. Sittig Collection. 3(a) – N.O. Pasche, 12 Aug 1986


6.3.1.2 Audio Archive

Transkripsies/Bandopname. H.J.R. Anderson.

Transkripsies/Bandopname. J.H. Barnard.

Transkripsies/Bandopname. H.T. Hickman.

Transkripsies/Bandopname. Dr Eric Holm.

Transkripsies/Bandopname. J.H. McDonald.

Transkripsies/Bandopname. H. Rooseboom. Transkripsie/Bandopname. D.J.F. Scribante.

Transkripsies/Bandopname. L. Sittig.

Transkripsies/Bandopname. A.S. Spies.


6.3.1.3 Photo Archive

F00005_3 – H. Rooseboom.

F00660_3 – M. Radley.

F00660_5 – W. Radley.

F01069_5 – L. Sittig.

M0011 – Radiosender.


6.4   The National Archives of the United Kingdom

6.4.1    Records of the Admiralty

ADM 1/10262. Memorandum on the possible conversion of South Atlantic whalers for A/S duties, Mar 1939.

ADM 1/10262. Treasury Inter-Service Committee – Proposal to requisition Whalers, 18 Mar 1940.

ADM 1/10262. Remarks on the Underwater Defence of Cape Town, Simonstown, East London, Port Elizabeth, Durban and Saldanha Bay, 14 Feb 1942.

ADM 1/10262. Circular by Director of Local Defences re South African Boom Defences, 23 Mar 1942.

ADM 1/10262. Naval Cypher from F.O.i.c. Simonstown to C-in-C South Atlantic re Shipment of Boom Defences to Union, Mar 1942.

ADM 1/10262. Naval Cypher from Admiralty to F.O.i.c. Simonstown re Importance of the Development of Saldanha Bay, 16 Mar 1942.

ADM 1/10262. Naval Cypher from F.O.i.c. Simonstown to Admiralty re Union Government commitment to Boom Defences, 13 May 1942.

ADM 1/12101, Anti-U-boat warfare. Measures required to meet the U-boat threat in South Atlantic, 7 Dec 1942.

ADM 1/12643. Report by Captain C D Howard-Johnston on anti-submarine operations in the South Atlantic, 1943.

ADM 1/26888. “Y” Organisation in South Africa. Memo on Y and RSS in South Africa, 16 Mar 1942.

ADM 1/26888. “Y” Organisation in South Africa. Report by Staff Officer (Y) on “Y” Organisation, 24 Jun 1943.

ADM 1/26888. “Y” Organisation in South Africa. Report by Staff Officer (Y) on “Y” Organisation, 24 Jun 1943.

ADM 1/27176. Naval Intelligence Organisation South Africa. Cape Town Intelligence Centre – Report of Working, 1933.

ADM 1/13288. South Atlantic R.D.F. Instructions, 1 May 1943.

ADM 1/15276. Secret Correspondence between C-in-C South Atlantic and SANF re the manning of A/S Fixed Defences in South Africa, 22 Jun 1943.

ADM 1/15276. Naval Cypher from Admiralty to C-in-C South Atlantic re A/S Fixed Defences in South Africa, 8 Oct 1943.

ADM 1/15276. Memorandum on the Axis use of Midget Submarines, 19 Jan 1943.

ADM 1/15276. Circular from Director of Anti-Submarine Warfare re HDAs in South Africa, 5 May 1943.

ADM 1/12643, Anti-Submarine Operations – South Atlantic Station. Report of Captain Howard-Johnston’s Visit to the Cape, Oct 1943.

ADM 1/31006. History and Organisation of the Naval Intelligence Centre Cape Town. General Organisation and Expansion from Peace to War Footing.

1/31006. History and Organisation of the Naval Intelligence Centre Cape Town. Tracking Section.

ADM 1/31006. History and Organisation of the Naval Intelligence Centre Cape Town. Operational Intelligence.

ADM 1/31006. History and Organisation of the Naval Intelligence Centre Cape Town. Security.

ADM 1/31006. History and Organisation of the Naval Intelligence Centre Cape Town. Naval Press Relations.

ADM 1/31006. History and Organisation of the Naval Intelligence Centre Cape Town. Naval Censorship.

ADM 1/31006. History and Organisation of the Naval Intelligence Centre Cape Town. Appendix I.

ADM 1/31006. History and Organisation of the Naval Intelligence Centre Cape Town. Appendix II.

ADM 1/31006. History and Organisation of the Naval Intelligence Centre Cape Town. Appendix III.

ADM 1/17587, A/S Organisation in South Africa. Report on the A/S Organisation in South Africa by Lt Cdr R.N. Hankey, 16 Apr 1945.

ADM 116/4344. SNO to Admiralty, 3 Sept 1939.

ADM 116/4344. SNO to Admiralty, 6-7 Sept 1939.

ADM 116/4344. SNO to Admiralty, 9 Sept 1939.

ADM 116/4344. SNO to Admiralty, 13 Sept 1939.

ADM 116/4344. SNO to Admiralty, 21 Sept 1939.

ADM 116/4499. Defence Plan for Ports in the Union of South Africa, 23 Feb 1942.

ADM 199/2334. South Atlantic War Diary, January to October 1943. South Atlantic War Diary, Jan 1943.

ADM 199/2334. South Atlantic War Diary, January to October 1943. South Atlantic War Diary, Feb 1943.

ADM 199/2334. South Atlantic War Diary, January to October 1943. South Atlantic War Diary, Mar 1943

ADM 199/2334. South Atlantic War Diary, January to October 1943. South Atlantic War Diary, Apr 1943.

ADM 199/2334. South Atlantic War Diary, January to October 1943. South Atlantic War Diary, May 1943

ADM 199/2334. South Atlantic War Diary, January to October 1943. South Atlantic War Diary, Jun 1943.

ADM 199/2334. South Atlantic War Diary, January to October 1943. South Atlantic War Diary, Jul 1943

ADM 199/2334. South Atlantic War Diary, January to October 1943. South Atlantic War Diary, Aug 1943.

ADM 199/2334. South Atlantic War Diary, January to October 1943. South Atlantic War Diary, Sept 1943.

ADM 199/2334. South Atlantic War Diary, January to October 1943. South Atlantic War Diary, Oct 1943.

ADM 223/530. Naval Cypher from S.O.I. Simonstown to C-in-C South Atlantic re Bellringer, 13 Nov 1941.

6.4.2    Record of the Air Ministry, the Royal Air Force, and related bodies

AIR 9/190, Anti U-boat Warfare – African Shipping. Memorandum by the Secretary of State for Air re Anti-submarine air protection of convoys on the west coast of Africa and the Indian Ocean, 25 Jan 1943.

AIR 9/190, Anti U-boat Warfare – African Shipping. Anti-U-boat protection in the Cape Area, 9 Jun 1943.

6.4.3    Records of the Cabinet Office

CAB 84/46, Air Defence on South Africa and Madagascar. Personal Telegram from Smuts to Churchill, 5 Jun 1942.

CAB 84/46, Air Defence on South Africa and Madagascar. Report by the Joint Planning Staff on the Air Defence of South Africa and Madagascar, 7 Jun 1942.

CAB 84/46, Air Defence on South Africa and Madagascar. Note by the Secretary of the Joint Planning Staff on the South African Air Force, 12 Jun 1942.

CAB 120/474, South Africa: correspondence with Field-Marshal Smuts. Note to Prime Minister on Air Defence of South Africa, 16 Jun 1942.

6.4.4    Records of the War Office

WO 106/4934. South African Coastal Defence, 24 Nov 1940.

WO 208/5111. South Africa General. Telegram from C-in-Ci Middle East to War Office, 7 Mar 1942.

WO 208/5111. South Africa General. South Atlantic ‘Y’ Organisation, 12 Dec 1942.

WO 208/5156. “Y” Committee South Africa. Letter from ME to MI8, 13 May 1942.

WO 208/5156. “Y” Committee South Africa. Minute from Y Board with enclosed paper on formation of Y Committee in South Africa, 13 Aug 1942

WO 208/5156. “Y” Committee South Africa. Minute to DMI, 19 Aug 1942.

WO 208/5156. “Y” Committee South Africa. Memo from Chairman ‘Y’ Board on ‘Y’ Services in South Africa, 3 Oct 1942.

WO 208/5156. “Y” Committee South Africa. Draft telegram to Chairman ‘YI’ Board from Chairman ‘Y’ Board, 3 Oct 1942

6.4.5    Records of the Security Service

KV 2/202, Elferink, Lambertus. 152a – Interim Report on WERZ, Luitpold, 31 Oct 1945.

KV 2/925, Leibbrandt, Robey. 67a – From Col. Webster attaching replies to questionnaire, copies of photograph, memorandum re LEIBRANDT’s activities, 1 Jun 1942.

KV 2/939, Lothar SITTIG/ Nils PAASCHE. 79a – Copy of First Report on German Espionage in the Union of South Africa, 25 Sept 1943.

KV 2/939, Lothar SITTIG/ Nils PAASCHE. 121b – Copy of Second Report on German Espionage in the Union of South Africa, 27 Nov 1943.

KV 2/939, Lothar SITTIG/ Nils PAASCHE. 194a – Extracts from Third Report German Espionage in the Union of South Africa, 25 May 1944.

KV 2/940 – Kolb, Hubert. 55a – Interim Report on Walter Paul Kraizizek.

KV 2/941, Rooseboom, Hans. 37a – Copy of information from BJ 135893.

KV 2/941, Rooseboom, Hans. 11a – Copy of cable received from Pretoria re ROOSEBOOM, SITTIG and MASSER, 27 Jul 1943

KV 2/941, Rooseboom, Hans. 13a – Extract from BIB report on German Espionage in the Union of South Africa re ROOSEBOOM, 25 Sept 1943.

KV 2/941, Rooseboom, Hans. 43a – Copy of Interim Report on MASSER, mentioning ROOSEBOOM, 26 Oct 1945.

KV 2/941, Rooseboom, Hans. 44a – Copy of Interim Report on Walter Paul Kraizizek, 31 Oct 1945.

KV 2/941, Rooseboom, Hans. 46a – Extract from CSDIC/WEA Final Report on AHLRICHS re ROOSEBOOM, 4 Feb 1946.

KV3/10. German Espionage in South Africa, 1939-1945. German intelligence activities in South Africa during the Second World War.


 

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