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U.S. NAVY BASES IN BRAZIL

25)BUILDING OF PARNAMIRIM


The first step in the process on the side of the United States was to commission an airline to build a field at Natal in Rio Grande do Norte. Pan-American Airlines was chosen to build the air field, for it was already an instrument of Roosevelt's Good Neighbor Police and had already established some minimal flights to Natal.


However, before the war only three airlines connected Europe with Latin America: Air France, Lufthansa, and LATI (Linea Aeree Transcontinentali Italiane), and all were government-controlled. Luckily, Air France controlled the primitive air fields already established at Natal. Because LATI was an Italian company, and Italy was under the control of Mussolini, Axis influence had to be removed from Latin America.


Operating rights were sought for twenty-year periods. Interestingly, the airfield in Natal, upon completion, was to be turned over to the Brazilian government for operation and management, for a total, over twenty years, of $1,350,000. Work in Natal was of utmost importance for the United States government, for Rommel's forces were sweeping through North Africa, and the Brazilian air base was the sole supply force for British resistance.  


This was not easy in light of Vargas' continuing relations with Germany. Pan-Am, furthermore, was not capable of assuming all other airline routes, and other companies remained open. However, as the war progressed in 1940, Vargas and Roosevelt were able to force competition out of Brazil economically, and Pan-Am obtained sole flying rights to complete the triangle from the United States to Brazil, and then on to North Africa and Europe.


In order to construct the necessary air bases in Brazil, President Roosevelt subsidized Pan-Am through the Military Appropriation Act of 1940. As part of the New Deal and the war effort, Roosevelt created the Airport Development Program (ADP) in 1940, which was responsible for the management of building in Natal, as well as the intricacies of opening an airport in another country.


These specifics included the employment of local labor, land appropriation, and installation and operation of radio equipment. Natal was meant to trampoline supplies from America to North Africa. It was not until September 1940 that construction supplies for the base were imported, including "graders, bulldozers, [and] heavy trucks."


American operators went with the building materials, but never any American ground troops. Vargas was insistent upon having Brazil's own forces protect the newly erected base. The Brazilian air base became a showcase for the global air support provided by companies like Pan-Am.


By John Wolf. Trampoline to Victory.





Ground personnel aid in replenishing the big Liberator B 24. Fuel is suctioned from 200 liter barrels while underground storage tanks are not ready for use.



One B 26 Marauder seen during maintenance in a nose hangar at Parnamirim Field.



Power House in operation round the clock at Parnamirim Airbase. 6,00 people were stationed there including many civilians.



Large aerial view from Parnamirim Airbase Dozens of barracks, hangars and aircrafts are seen.



One Catalina PBY-5 seen above being washed up following an extensive patrol routine mission. 



One PV 1 Ventura seen in a low passage in the vicinities of Parnamirim. The same was involved in a instructional program to make Brazilian pilots familiar with the new technics of flight instruments. 



One DC 3 moments before landing at Parnamirim Airbase. They came from the US across south Atlantic bound to African front. 



US Navy officers are seen lined up during a ceremony at Parnamirim having three Liberators PB4-Y in its naval version for anti submarine warfare.  


 

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