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CAMP INGRAM RECIFE *

2)CAMP INGRAM RECIFE


With the declaration of War against Italy and Germany, and the increasing amounting reinforcements of the Fourth Fleet, Recife gained special military status.  Once the quiet provincial town of pre war years was turned into a fortress with intense traffic of Brazilian Army personnel, VP Squadron Airplanes of Fleet Air Wing 16, hundreds of US Army airplanes landing in a constant flow at Ibura Field, just to spend few hours before making the long hop to African coast, US and Brazilian Navy warships, men of Brazilian Army 7th Military Region and 2nd Air Zone.


This large area subsidiary of Recife harbor included barracks, ordnance depots, instructional and training centers for the numerous garrisons which served under Fourth Fleet. In the other hand measures were taken to place the huge complex of the Major State of Fourth fleet Headquarters and its annexes in appropriate and comfortable facilities, so that the assigned staff could do theijob in satisfactory conditions. A large building in downtown, a t one mile distant from the harbor was then chosen for that function.


A newly eleven storey building from where ships could be seen moored at the quay was formally occupied earlier in December 1942 having some wings still unfinished. For accommodation of the numerous staffs, several structural modifications were performed aiming to turn the same into a more functional one.


The galleries initially built to commercial purposes, were modified, having the walls removed and in the larger space the officers were provided tables and telephone desks, telespeakers, interphones, archives and records and a large board  with South Atlantic Map  where ships positions and convoys progression were continuously plotted  as well as all merchants sailing independently.


During two years, in that Map room, Allied and enemy vessels were plotted and tracked. Routes named “Pig or Lard” and other progressions designated to cover Brazil Trinidad convoys, were identified with all sort of color labels. Task groups of Task Force 23 of the Fourth Fleet and Task Force 27, were indicated by symbolic numbering system. They also featured air cover and patrol sweeps as well as any suspected roaming submarine. One Nazi flag indicated a sunken U boat. These specialized duties were undertaken by almost one hundred skilled people.


Control of the navigation plotters was a very specialized task and should be executed with great accuracy by skilled personnel. The South Atlantic Command, set up atCamp Ingram a complete and efficient plotting control of all merchants in their assigned areas, and for this job one Royal Navy officer was designated. He was RNR Frederick F. Feint. Strict collaboration with FNN (Northeast Naval Force), led Fourth Fleet to adopt a rigorous exercise and training program aiming both fleets.


These drills were not intended to cope with the submarine menace only. Combat tactics employed tug boats which towed the targets where scored hits were evaluated. Also four Brazilian submarines often took active role in the exercises. They contributed to maintain the high degree of preparedness of both Navies.


Thus, the stay of the Fourth Fleet headquarters at Recife, and the assembling of that large fleet added to dozens of the Brazilian Navy, aside of the numerous contingents of US Navy VP Squadrons, Brazilian Air Force units, and national Army detachments, all these factors turned Recife into a first class military bulwark, whose harbor cramped with all sort of ships, would still have for its defense the old Brazilian battleship the Sao Paulo. Unable to sail for open sea and combat the modern anti submarine warfare mainly due the smoke of her coal bunkers, the rusty, outclassed WW I 19,300 ton.  dreadnought, still respectable for her firepower, served as a floating fortress at the inner quay.


Its main batteries poised as a strong deterrence against any intruder U-boat attempt to target the harbor as occurred in Aruba oil depots that was shelled. Her sister Minas Gerais, also performed the same duties at Salvador Bahia. Besides these measures to protect the harbor, 4 minesweepers, YMS 44, 45, 60 and 76 continuously swept the outer access channel where one anti torpedo net was laid.



Adm. Ernest King Commander in Chief of the U.S.Fleet and Chief of naval Operations, stopped at Recife to visit Naval facilities on his return from the historic conference of allied leaders in Africa and the near East. Striding along a street at Recife harbor, Adm. King was flanked by Vice Adm. Jonas Ingram Commander of South AtlanticFourth Fleet and and Lt Jg D. Frost, USNR (left).  Photo. Naval Historical Center.



At Recife, aboard USS Omaha, Secretary of the US Navy Frank Knox, addresses the crew in mid 1943. Just to Mr. Knox,s right is Vice Adm. Jonas Ingram. Photo. Naval Historical Center.



German prisoners of war arrive at Recife harbor on 15 May 43. There they will be interrogated and then sent to a prison camp in the USA. Photo. Naval Historical Center.



13 German POW seen upon their arrival at Recife harbor on 15 May 43. Photo. Naval Historical Center.  



Map of Recife with shore facilities of US Navy including the harbor, hospitals, Depots, Office and others.



The picture shows the large building where Adm. Ingram established the 4th Fleet Headquarters.



The plate of the main entrance at the 4th Fleet Headquarters says: In this building the 4th Fleet Commander established his Headquarters. 


 

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