Search: Sort by:
 
 
  Search

BRAZILIAN AIR FORCE FAB * - BRAZILIAN AIR FORCE

19)LOCKHEED PV 1 VENTURA


Ventura PV-1 was introduced at the Brazilian Air Force FAB initially for training purposes in the correct handling of ASW tactics during the famous USBATU  courses. (United States Brazilian Training Unit). In  30 Mar 1944 USBATU closed its activities when in that occasion the Brazilian Air Force, FAB received  14 PV-1 originally designated as the First Medium Bombing Group, the so called Ventura Group. 


That particular unit replaced US Navy Squadron VB -143 whose task was to patrol an área between João Pessoa and the mouth of the São Francisco river. In consequence VB -130 andVB 143 Squadrons returned to the US. FAB used PV-1 incorrectly as B-34. They were assigned to the FAB as serials 5034/5047.  


This versatile aircraft was employed in Bombing and Patrol missions. They were used in the period from 1944 to 1960.


These aircraft equipped the 1st Medium Bombing Group in the 6th Aviation Regiment in Recife, created by Decree-Law No. 6,796, of August 14, 1944, and intended to receive officers and sergeants from the training unit organized in Natal, USBATU (United States Brazilian Air Training Unit), whose purpose was to prepare them in the fight against submarines. The course was implemented on October 1, 1943, and the Mixed Group - FAB-U.S. Navy -, of Ventura airplanes, being in charge of the activities four American Officers. The course lasted 6 weeks and each pilot flew about 100 hours. They were then divided into two groups: one was distributed to the various North American Navy PV-1 squadrons in the northeast, and the other group was assigned for training units in the United States. After that, all were gathered in Recife and formed the Brazilian Patrol Group to be created.
On March 30, 1944, at the Recife Air Base, the 14 Ventura PV-1 aircraft were delivered in a solemn ceremony in the presence of Minister Salgado Filho, US Navy Admiral Ingram, commander of the 4th Fleet and of the South Atlantic Force and Brigadier Eduardo Gomes, commander of the 2nd Air Zone. The 36 flight officers and 54 Brazilian sergeants were assigned the responsibility of operating between Joao Pessoa and the São Francisco River, making the coverage of convoys in that area. To the extent that these teachings were disseminated to Brazilian Bombing and Patrol groups, American squadrons were progressively withdrawn from our coastal bases. 

General characteristics:   


Crew: 6 


Length: 51 ft 5 in (15.7 m)  


Wingspan: 65 ft 6 in (20 m)  


Height: 11 ft 10 in (3.6 m) 


Wing area: 551 ft² (51.2 m²)   


Empty weight: 20,197 lb (9,160 kg)    


Loaded weight: 31,000 lb (14,000 kg) 


Max takeoff weight: 34,000 lb (15,000 kg)


Powerplant: 2× Pratt & Whitney R-2800 geared radial engines, 2,000 hp (1,500 kW) each.  


Performance: 


Maximum speed: 322 mph (518 km/h) 


Cruise speed: 230 mph (370 km/h) 


Range: 1,660 mi (2,670 km) combat; 2,600 mi (4,200 km) ferry.


Service ceiling 26,300 ft (8,020 m)  


Rate of climb: 2,035 ft/min (15.4 m/s) 


Wing loading: 56.4 lb/ft² (275 kg/m²)   


Power/mass: 0.13 hp/lb (0.21 kW/kg).  


Armament Guns: 4× .50-caliber (12.7 mm) machine guns  2× .30-caliber (7.6 mm) machine guns Bombs: 3,000 lb (1,400 kg) general ordnance or 6× 325 lb (147 kg) depth charges or 1× torpedo.  



Ceremony of PV 1 Ventura being delivered to Brazilian Air Force at Recife Ibura field 1944. 14 were employed in Brazilian first Medium bomber squadron based at Recife late in 1943 and replaced US Navy Squadrons VB 130 and VB 143. As the Brazilian Armed Forces took over more of their own coastal protection, the U.S. transferred ASW aircraft. Photo NARS.



One PV 1 Ventura from Brazilian Air Force is seen at Ibura Field Recife.



One restored PV 1 at Museu Aeroespacial Brazil.



Two Venturas PV 1 from Squadron VP 125 seen over south Atlantic on a patrol routine off Natal Brazil.  


 

OTHER ARTICLES YOU MAY FIND SIMILAR

Copyright www.sixtant.net 2007/2018