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ADDITIONS 2010/2018 - ADDITIONS

1)ADDITIONS 2010/2018


25 SEP 2018 - Added  rare archival footage showing  scenes from the Recife harbor area during World War II, where it is possible to observe:

German and Italian prisoners of war disembarking from US Navy vessel; very likely to be from any German Blockade Runner scuttled in the south Atlantic circa 1944
A large number of US military personnel are seen on the quay of Recife harbor.
Traffic of jeeps and trucks taking the prisoners from the harbor area to the Ibura Airfield.
Two ships from US Navy seen: Light cruiser Memphis and Destroyer Sommers.
Presence of Marines and custodians of the harbor area
German prisoners seen at Ibura Field being interrogated and photographed.
http://www.sixtant.net/2011/artigos.php?cat=camp-ingram-recife-*-&sub=camp-ingram-&tag=11)archival-footage-on-recife-harbor

11 SEP 2018 Added at SURVIVORS ADRIFT IN SOUTH ATLANTIC, archival footage on the rescue of merchant sailors fished out in the south Atlantic by one Belgian Freighter after 19 days adrift.


15 AUG 2018 - Added at UBOATS SUNK SOUTH ATLANTIC, the sinking of UIT-22 a former Italian submarine sunk off south African coast with a mixed German Italian crew 


10 JUL 2018 - Added at FREE FRENCH SHIPS SOUTH ATLANTIC, archival footage of the launching of French Cruiser Georges Leygues


05 APR 2018 - Added at ROYAL NAVY FREETOWN, the history of AMC's ARAWA, CORFU, COMORIN, CATHAY, CARTHAGE.


05 MAR 2017 - Added at BRAZIL THE HARD ROAD TO WAR - THE LAST STRAW page.


05 MAR 2017 - Added one picture at ROYAL NAVY AT FREETOWN with a large view of one British Convoy plying the waters of the south Atlantic circa 1942.


28 FEB 2017- Added at US SHIPS SUNK S/Z WILLIAM BOYCE THOMPSON PAGE, Two pictures from the damage the US ship sustained when attacked by U-558 some 120 miles south of Kingston Jamaica.


10 FEB 2017 - Added at SHIPS SUNK USA (ABC) ANNE HUTCHINSON, the picture of the Liberty ship when struggling to remain afloat. Torpedoed twice, on October 28, 1943 the Liberty Ship SS Anne Hutchinson remained afloat thanks to welded construction. Picture taken 10/28/43 after the ship broke in two forward of # 4 hold. Photo www.armed-guard.com


25 JAN 2017 - Added at ROYAL NAVY'S LOSSES IN SOUTH ATLANTIC a clipping from a British newspaper reporting the sinking of HMS Dunedin at the ship's page. Her survivors experienced a terrible ordeal when their lifeboats were attacked by furious sharks and many died from thirst when in delirous jumped in the sea. Only sixty five survived when they were rescued by US cargo shp Nishmaha bound for Philadelphia.


15 dec 2016. Added one picture at BRAZILIAN ANVY - CV HENRIQUE DIAS The picture shows the Brazilian Navy Corvette during the launching ceremony at Henrique Lages Shipyard Rio de Janeiro Sep 1943.


17 NOV 2016 - Added one picture at BRAZIL THE HARD ROAD TO WAR -  DEFENSE PLANNING 29 SET 2016 - Added one page at RAIDER ADM GRAF SPEE Article. It tells the story of the German tanker and supply ship Altmark and her involvement in the famous Altmark incident whe in february 1940 whilst under cover in Norway fjord the same was approached by the Royal Navy Destroyer HMS Cossack that rescued 299 crewmembers of British merchants sunk by the Graf Spee in south Atlantic. The raider had already released 66 crewmembers of British ships sunk in South Atlantic and the SS Africa Shell off Mozambique.


25 SEP 2016. Added the picture above at BRAZIL THE HARD ROAD TO WAR / WE WANT WAR page. The same depicts the US Embassy at Rio de Janeiro.  Ambassador Jefferson Caffery and his staff developed intense diplomatic activity aiming to involve and attract the country into allied cause. Caffery had a close relationship with Brazilian President Getulio Vargas.


15 SEP 2016 - Added 3 more pictures at ASCENSION ISLAND / THE BUILDING OF AN AIRFIELD from USAT Coamo, Freighter Luckenbach, SS Pan Royal and a large view of the runway at Ascension soon after its paving. That distant airbase in the middle of the south Atlantic 1200 miles from Recife had paramount importance on the flow of thousands of aircrafts ferried since US bases to the African and European theater.


30 AUG 2016. Added one picture at FAB - BRAZILIAN AIR FORCE Douglas B 18 BOLO. In the picture three B 18 from 99th Bombardment Group overfly the Amazon jungle. one of them depth charged and sunk U- 512 off Cayenne French Guyana 02 Oct 1942


20 AUG 2016 - Added 3 pictures at RECIFE FOURTH FLEET HEADQUARTERS AP 112 GAL MANN. 01 JUL 2016 - Added one more page at SWEDISH SHIPS SUNK. This time the merchant ship Japan which was sunk on 4 May 1941 250NM off Freetown. 54 Survivors landed in two lifeboats at French Guinea, and were interned by Vichy authorities. Later 27 Swedish crewmembers were released and returned to Sweden.


22 JUN 2016 - Added one new page at BRAZIL THE HARD ROAD TO WAR (OPERATION FELIX) The German plan to seize Gibraltar and close British access to the Mediterranenan by West thus turning the task of protecting bases in Egypt a very difficult task, increasing in months the journey of Royal Navy ships assist and supply  Alexandria via the Suez Canal very dangerous and risky.


17 JUN 2016 - Added one rare picture at US NAVY BASES IN BRAZIL (Page 15 NAF RECIFE) with a panoramic view from Ibura Airfield at Recife and its three runways. The base was used for ferry flights to African front, and for use of Brazilian and US patrol planes over the south Atlantic.


29 MAY 2016 - Added one new page at GERMAN RAIDERS, (Page 25 RAIDER THOR) with the story of the German Raider which in action in the south Atlantic sank 14 merchant ships and engaged with British Armed Merchant Cruiser Alcantara off Brazilian coast inflicting severe damage to the AMC 


27 MAY 2016 - Added one page and pictures at BELGIAN SHIPS SUNK (Page 4 BRUGES.) One more allied merchant ship sunk in the south Atlantic now totalling 405 allied merchants sunk south of 10º 00" N, the area considered the South Atlantic theater.


23 May 2016 - Added 3 pictures at BRAZILIAN AIR FORCE (Page 31 VULTEE VENGEANCE) The versatile sturdy Vengeance served at Brazilian Air Force as a dive bomber  and patrol escorting convoys.


22 May 2016 -  added picture on PARNAMIRIM FIELD (Page 20) and text on the construction of the Air Base, its facilities for fuel covering twenty steel surface tanks with a total capacity of 528,300 gallons, twelve underground steel tanks five-seven fixed platforms pumps. The supply of fuel to the base was carried out by tank trucks and lines plumbing (pipe-line) which amounted to about twenty kilometers.


15 May 2016 - Added American newspaper clipping about the rescue of the 9 survivors including a boy from SS Robin Moor sunk by U-69 some 500 miles off Natal on Northeastern coast. They were rescued by the Brazilian merchant Ozorio after 19 days adrift in South Atlantic.


10 May 2016 - Added a picture of one brazilian Lockheed Hudson and its crew which took part in the sinking of the German uboat U 199 off Rio de Janeiro


08 May 2016. Added 2 pictures at GERMAN BLOCKADE RUNNERS / ANNELIESE ESSBERGER. German prisoners loading a US Army truck at Recife harbor following their rescue by USS Marblehead. Panoramic view of Brazilian Army Quarters at the town of Pouso Alegre where they were interned for several months.


06 May 2016. Added 5 pictures at GERMAN BLOCKADE RUNNERS / PORTLAND where German survivors are fished out by French Cruiser Georges Leygues and landed them at Dakar


23 APR 2016.  With deep sorrow  we announce the death of Maj. John Buyers. Born to American parents in Brazil, his family moved to the United States before the war. After Brazil's entry into the war in 1942, Buyers was sent to the newly created base Parnamirim Field in Natal where he made contact with Major Nero Moura, future commander of Fighter Group in Italy. With the creation of 1st Fighter Group on 1 Dec 43 Moura asked Buyers who spoke fluent Portuguese he could be assigned as the liaison officer of the Brazilian unit. Buyers followed all the training in Florida Panama and New York and embarked with them to Italy on Sep 44. In the theater he was a link between the Brasilian and American pilots and managed to get one B 25 Mitchell that was used as transport plane for the group  to the end of campaign. With the accumulation of lost pilots in combat Buyers volunteered to fly in combat  having flown to the end of the campaign 22 missions in P 47 all voluntarily. After the war he retired with the rank of Major and returned to Brazil where he established family. With his death the chapter of the Brazilian pilots who fought in Italy in World War II is closed. Rest in peace brave friend of Brazil.


21 APR 2016. Added at BRITISH SHIPS SUNK on LULWORTH HILL page one picture of the raft with the only two survivors being rescued by Royal Navy Destroyer Rapid after 49 days at sea.


06 APR 2016.  Added at BRITISH SHIPS SUNK page the history and saga of the prisoners of ship CRITON and their ordeal at the prisoner's Camp of Timbuctoo. Extracted from " Reminiscences of Peter De Neumann.


27 MARCH 2016. Added a page at CAMP INGRAM RECIFE - FOURTH FLEET FARM. The effort of Admiral Jonas Ingram, the Fourth Fleet Commander in providing the best nutrition for his subordinates. Thousands of American sailors were based at Recife and they felt the lack of fresh vegetables and alike. The solution was found when the Pernambuco government ceded an rural area in the vicinities of Recfife where thechnicians in agriculture aided by Brazilian natives erected an important farm that supplied the American troops.


27 MARCH 2016. Added at CAMP INGRAM RECIFE one more page titled ATLANTA RECREATIONAL CENTER. A Brazilian Hospital located in the woods, a suburban area  of Recife that served as a Rehabilitation for many American sailors after long and tiresome journeys. The same was visited by Secretary of the Navy como fazer um blog Frank Knox.


25 MARCH 2016. Added at BRITISH SHIPS SUNK on CITY OF CAIRO, one picture and text from Margareth Gordon, the brave Australian woman who was fished out by one Brazilian Corvette after sailing for 52 days and more than 2000 miles in the south Atlantic when her ship was torpedoed south of Santa Helena Is.


10  MARCH 2016. At CAMP INGRAM RECIFE, repaginated and added 2 more pictures and included the whole story with detailed text about the fire that took the US tanker LIVINGSTON ROE 08 SEP 2015. Added one more page at PARNAMIRIM FIELD. A new page containing 19 pictures from the life and hard work undertaken by those men which lived at that bustling airbase. A kindly contribution from Col. Ret. Tomic Neto (Brazilian Air Force)


06 AUG 2014. Added archival footage on "Uboat sunk in South Atlantic" / U-513 PICTURES. A full account on the last patrol mission of U-513 that ended with the demise of the uboat and the loss of 46 crewmembers.


12 MAY 2014. Added one aerial picture from the Island of BAILIQUE on the Northern State of Amapa where the only survivor of Italian submarine ARCHIMEDI went ashore following an ordeal of 28 days in a raft. His sub was attacked and sunk some 100 miles northeast off Fernando de Noronha Is. by two US Navy PBY 5 Catalinas from VP Squadron 83.


12 MAY 2014. Added one picture at British Merchant Kirkpool page when ship plummeted beneath the waves.


11 MAY 2014. Added two large pictures at the British Merchant Empire Heath page, with details of the catapult and its operation as a CAM SHIP.


10 MAY 2014. Added one picture from the sinking of British Merchant DARKDALE occurred when moored at St. Helena Is. Picture shows the capsized bow of the ship.


09 MAY 2014. Added eleven pages with detailed information about the sinking of British Merchant CHARLBURY including a letter from the British consul at Recife to the Commander of USS OMAHA praising the 42 survivors for their courage in face of enemy attack.


25/ABR/2014. Added 3 pictures at US SHIPS SUNK/ Survivors of US merchant ship ALASKAN


13/JAN/2014. Added one picture and one page at US NAVY BASES IN BRAZIL Page 5 USN NAF Belem dedicated to Bill Fritz a US Navy veteran still alive 91, who served in several US bases in Brazilian coast.


12/JAN/2014, Added 3 pictures at BRAZIL THE HARD ROAD TO WAR Page 14 (Doenitz at Kernevel) including a brief comment on the Admiral's activity at his new Northern base in France.


04 DEC 2013. Added one picture of Brazilian Tender Belmonte taken at Recife harbor circa 1943.


31 OCT 2013. Added 15 more pictures at the page US NAVY ZP Squadrons in Brazil. The same show the activities of Navy Blimps at PICI field at Fortaleza and Santa Cruz Rio de Janeiro.


15/AUG/2013. The site was completely redesigned and reprogrammed, including dozens of previously unpublished photos. Now with the opening of any page, the same can be sent instantly through social networks like Facebook and Tweeter including email. We still have much work ahead but we believe that by February 2014 we will add dozens of new pages


13/APR/2011. Added 3 rare pictures from US Navy Blimps at Amapa airfield.


12/APR/2011. Reprogrammed the Articles of all ships sunk in South Atlantic. Now they are split into 3 categories, being those which were sunk bu U-Boats, Raiders and Italian Submarines.


10/MAR/2011 Added several pages with history of British Navy in the south Atlantic. More than 170 ships were deployed at several bases along African coast.


30/JAN/2011. Added a new page with history and photos of Brazilian Naval Base at Natal.


25/JAN/2011- Added 5 photos of the main gates of Camp Ingram Recife as well as the Brazilian Naval base which was located adjacent to Camp Ingram.


07/JAN/2011. With the valuable help of the prestigious John H. Marsh Maritime Research Centre we acquired the rights to display the pictures of these 9 merchants sunk in the South Atlantic. They are the British LLANDILO, HAMLA, TRAFALGAR, SOLON II, RABAUL and TOWER GRANGE. The Norwegean ALFRED OLSEN, the American (Panamanian flag) CARDINA, and the Egyptian RADAMES.


10/SEP/2010. Added a new page titled ROYAL NAVY IN THE SOUTH ATLANTIC. A page devoted to Royal Navy would be more than timely and necessary once its presence in the south Atlantic was a decisive factor in the maintenance of the sea lanes and a support to the Fourth Fleet in chasing the menacing U-boats and raiders. Meanwhile it was the gallant British Merchant Navy which suffered by far the heaviest losses in men and merchants in the south Atlantic scenario. 5100 lost their lives and 850 were made POWs. Nearly 13,000 survived. We will add nearly 180 warships of the Royal Navy which had a constant presence in the south Atlantic along with 87 from South African Navy.


10/JUL/2010. Added one more article at COMMANDER SOUTH ATLANTIC FORCE. The 12th of this series tells the story of the the fuel problems the American Forces found at Brazilian ports and the urgency in building an efficient storage system along the bases at the long Brazilian Northeastern coast.


03/JUN/2010. Added two pictures of British planes being uncrated at Takoradi, as well as a few others being carried in trucks through Cairo.


02/JUN/2010. Added one long article written by Frank Mc Cann "Brazil the Forgotten Ally", an in depth analysis on the country's weakness and isolation before the war and the modernization and challenges it faced after the conflict.


01/JUN/2010. Added one more article of the COMMANDER SOUTH ATLANTIC FORCE regarding the Liaison between Brazilian-U.S.-Royal Navy, concerning the defence of the south Atlantic sea lanes including the preparations for the establishment of the U.S. bases and delivery of warships to Brazil.


29/MAY/2010. Added 5 pictures to the U-164 and U-863 pages.


14/MAY/2010. Added one more ship to the BRAZILIAN NAVY AT WAR, the survey ship Parnaiba.


10/MAY/2010. Reformatted several pages enclosing them in one single article page like US NAVY SQUADRONS IN BRAZIL and THE FOURTH FLEET. This system enabled a much easier way to search any page.


22/APR/2010. Added the complete story of  the most operative Navy Air Squadron in Brazil, VP-94 with several interesting pages.


21/MAR/2010. Added one more page at RECIFE THE FOURTH FLEET HEADQUARTERS, “Recife Harbor”, code named Base Fox.


20/MAR/2010. Several pictures added in PARNAMIRIM FIELD “The Ferry Flights” the gigantic operation to ferry thousands of airplanes across 3 continents, a 10,000 mile journey from Miami to the beleaguered British Army in Egypt.


19/MAR/2010. Added several new pictures at AIRPORT DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM, The Building of Parnamirim” showing the great effort undertaken by Pan American Engineers in building in a record time the biggest airbase outside US


18/MAR/2010. Added the page PREDECESSORS, at L.A.T.I. .The same was sent by Marino Miccoli son of Antonio Miccoli one crewmember of Italian Destroyer Antonio Pancaldo. The same was part of the support fleet that came to the south Atlantic with 14 flying boats in a historical Raid Roma-Rio de Janeiro in 1931. Antonio Miccoli was chief Petty officer at the Cruiser FIUME during the War II.


17/MAR/2010. Added one more page in COMMANDER SOUTH ATLANTIC FORCE, “Brazil Declares War”, from unedited documents provided by Patrick Clancey.


20/FEB/2010. Added one more ship captured in the south Atlantic, this time the Norwegian tanker Sandefjord, captured by Adm. Scheer.


19/FEB/2010 Added several more interesting pages. Created one more article titled SURVIVORS IN THE SOUTH ATLANTIC. It deals with the impressive number of almost 20,000 survivors and where they landed. For now we put all those who were landed in Brazilian ports. Next pages will be dedicated for those who were rescued by the British in African ports.


10/FEB/2010. Added the last remaining UBOATS IN ACTION IN THE SOUTH ATLANTIC: U516, U-58, U-532, U-547, U-572, U-582, U-590, U-618, U-752, U-757, U-843, U-848, U-852, U-861, U-862. They were responsible for the sinking of 366 foreign ships and damages in other 10. They also sank 18 Brazilian ships and damaged one.


11/FEB/2010. Added one page at BRAZILIAN NAVY AT WAR, this time LIEUTENANT FREIRE'S JOURNEY INTO WAR. A timely tribute to the young Brazilian sailor who was a crewmember of the Cananeia, one of the six Anti submarine minelayers converted into Corvettes.


24/JAN/2010. Added the stories of the following UBOATS IN ACTION IN THE SOUTH ATLANTIC: U-202,U-505, U-506, U-507, U-508, U-509, U-510, U-512, U-513, U-514, U-515. Also added 4 more ships in FOREIGN SHIPS SUNK IN SOUTH ATLANTIC. They are: MARK HANNA, EVERAGRA, S.B. HUNT, GEORGE MEAD, now rising to 431 allied ships sunk/damaged in the south Atlantic area.


17/JAN/2010. Added one nice picture in NORTHEAST NAVAL FORCE page showing a joint exercises between one Brazilian submarine, a Sub Chaser and one US Navy Destroyer escort during a torpedo fire drill off Recife. 14/JAN/2010. Added a few more Uboats in UBOATS IN ACTION IN THE SOUTH ATLANTIC. They are: U-156, U-159, U-160, U-161, U-162, U-164, U-170, U-172, U-174, U-175, U-176, U-177, U-179


 

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