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ADDITIONS 2010/2017 * - ADDITIONS (1 Page)

ADDITIONS (1454 PAGES 3398 PHOTOS MAPS.)



02 DEC 2017. Added at SHIPS SUNK USA -RS- Survivors of the American Steamer, sunk by a U-Boat, are in Pernambuco after being rescued by a Brazilian freighter. They have been adrift in an open boat for eighteen days. The official version of this sinking was conveyed to Washington by Phillip William, the Secretary of US embassy in Brazil. 



01-DEC-2017. Added at US NAVY ZP SQUADRONS IN BRAZIL, archival footage on US Navy blimps operations in the south Atlantic. Two squadrons were in Brazil with 19 ships which effectively had  a wide range in missions since convoy protection to search and rescue over nearly 3,500 miles over brazilian coastline.



30-NOV-2017. Added at B.d. U - ADM. DOENTIZ AT KERNEVEL. Archival footage shows in detail the French bases taken by german forces in mid 1940. Images shows each one of them pictured today, plunged in sepulchral silence and darkness.



29-NOV-2017. Added at ROYAL NAVY  AT FREETOWN (ABC), Rare footage on the arrival of AMC Carnarvon Castle at Montevideo harbor. Hardly hit by the the gross caliber guns of German raider Thor the brave ship that sustained 22 direct hits enters the docks under a great reception by the people which flocked the harbor. The holes were patched up with the armor plates of German cruiser Graf Spee scuttled late in 1939.



08 NOV 2017. Added at GERMAN BLOCKADE RUNNERS - KARIN. Archival footage on  thousands of rubber bales recovered from the German Blockade Runner Karin scuttled of Pernambuco with 2,000 tons of tin and 6,000 tons of rubber. The ship was bound from Dutch East Indies whe was intercepted by USS Destroyer Eberle and cruiser Savannah some 500 miles off Recife.  





26 OCT 2017. Added one new page at SHIPS SUNK ENGLAND - DEF. This time we added the British tanker Doryssa sunk off South Africa on April 1943.



16 OCT 2017.- Added one new page at US NAVY BASES IN SOUTH ATLANTIC. ATKINSON FIELD. - Atkinson Field was built 28 miles (45 km) from Georgetown on 68 acres (28 ha) of land formerly known as Hyde Park, on the Demerara River. The forest was cleared and hills were levelled and a long concrete runway was constructed. On 20 June 1941 the airfield officially opened with the activation of a weather station. The station was named after Lieutenant Colonel Bert M. Atkinson, a United States Army Air Service World War I aviator. Colonel Atkinson was the commander of the 1st Pursuit Wing on the western front in 1918. Colonel Atkinson retired from the Army in 1922 after a distinguished career and died on 27 April 1937.



14 OCT 2017. - Added a new page at U.S. NAVY BASES IN SOUTH ATLANTIC. - ZANDERIJ AIRFIELD. -  After the fall of the Netherlands to German forces in 1940, the United States obtained military basing rights to the airport from the Netherlands government-in-exile in LondonSuriname was then the world's principal source of bauxite (for aluminium production) and needed protection. The first American armed forces arrived at the airport ON 30 November 1941 and expanded the facilities to be a transport base for sending Lend-Lease supplies to England via air routes across the South Atlantic Ocean. The runways were constructed by the US Corps of Engineers. They also built the road from Onverwacht to Zanderij which was completed in 1942.



12 OCT 2017 - Added a new page at US NAVY BASES IN SOUTH ATALNTIC.- US NAF TRINIDAD. - The story of an agreement made by US and UK for the use of Trinidad for US Navy in exchange of badly needed 50 old destroyers by the Royal Navy to counter the menacing u-boats in the Atlantic.





06 OCT 2017. - Added at SHIPS SUNK - NORWAY . SS THODE FAGELUND. Sunk by Vichy submarine Le Héros some 35 miles southeast of East London 



Rare picture of the boatload of survivors which went ashore at Salvador Bahia. Photo. Revista Segunda Guerra.



26 SEP. 2017 - Added 2 rare pictures at SHIPS SUNK - SWEDEN - HAMMAREM. Detail on the burial of one sweddish crewmember from SS Hammarem Karl Hellquist, 22. He was one of the the survivors to jump overboard. His body was not found by other survivors and went ashore at Salvador.  Photo Revista Segunda Guerra.



9 SEP 2017 - Added an archival fooage on RAIDER ADM GRAF SPEE ALTMARK, the German supply ship which kept 300 British sailors from merchants sunk by the raider in the south Atlantic in JössingFjord  Norway. The archival shows the arrival in a British port of the HMS Cossack the destroyer which rescued the sailors. 



02 SEP 2017 - Added at US NAVY BASES IN BRAZIL - NAF BELEM - A rare picture from the Naval Air Facility held by the US Navy at the mouth of the Amazon river.



08 AUG 2017 - Added one picture at US NAVY BASES IN BRAZIL - IPITANGA. US Navy kept one Catalina Squadron VP 94 which conducted air patrols over the Atlantic coast in conjunction with PBM Mariners stationed at a nearby base Aratu. 



08 AGO 2017 - Added one picture at US NAVY BASES VITORIA where US Navy maintained a blimp detachment from both Squadrons ZP-41 and ZP-42 which operated in Brazil.08 AGO 2017 - Added one picture at US NAVY BASES VITORIA where US Navy maintained a blimp detachment from both Squadrons ZP-41 and ZP-42 which operated in Brazil.


15 May 2017. Added at GERMAN BLOCKADE RUNNERS - ODENWALD. This rare picture displays the bow of German blockade runner Odenwald upon her capture by US Navy Cruiser Omaha in South Atlantic.



15 APR 2017. Added at BRAZILIAN NAVY - SUB CHASER GUAPORE. A rare picture where one Brazilian sailor unfurls the national flag on a newly delivered Submarine Chaser in Miami. 



31-MAR-2017. Added one new page, at BRAZIL THE HARD ROAD TO WAR. GERMAN LINER WINDHUK. The riveting story of a German liner which was caught by the outset of the war in south Atlantic in routine transatlantic voyage to South Africa. Moored for a period in Lobito, Angola the ship dashed to Argentina to evade from British warships then in pursuit of German ships as War prizes. While in mid south Atlantic the crew esteemed the fuel was lower than requested to reach an Argentinean port when decided to steer to Santos, Brazil where they  arrived  disguised as a Japanese ship. In August 1942 when Brazil declared War on Axis, the whole crew was interned in a prison Camp where they stayed until May 1945.



05-MAR-2017. Added at US NAVY BASES IN BRAZIL - RECIFEIn the archival footage below, rare images of Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt in her visit to Ibura Field at Recife. She visited all the compound and had an outdoor lunch with the whole staff of that base. 


05 MAR 2017 - Added at BRAZIL THE HARD ROAD TO WAR - THE LAST STRAW page. Archival footage with scenes of Brazilian protesters rallying against Axis powers following the sinking of six Brazilian merchants which led the country to declare war on Germany and Italy.



05 MAR 2017 - Added one picture at ROYAL NAVY AT FREETOWN with a large view of one British Convoy plying the waters of the south Atlantic circa 1942. 



28 FEB 2017- Added at US SHIPS SUNK S/Z WILLIAM BOYCE THOMPSON PAGE, Two pictures from the damage the US ship sustained when attacked by U-558 some 120 miles south of Kingston Jamaica.



10 FEB 2017 - Added at SHIPS SUNK USA (ABC) ANNE HUTCHINSON, the picture of the Liberty ship when struggling to remain afloat. Torpedoed twice, on October 28, 1943 the Liberty Ship SS Anne Hutchinson remained afloat thanks to welded construction. Picture taken 10/28/43 after the ship broke in two forward of # 4 hold. Photo www.armed-guard.com



25 JAN 2017 - Added at ROYAL NAVY'S LOSSES IN SOUTH ATLANTIC a clipping from a British newspaper reporting the sinking of HMS Dunedin at the ship's page. Her survivors experienced a terrible ordeal when their lifeboats were attacked by furious sharks and many died from thirst when in delirous jumped in the sea. Only sixty five survived when they were rescued by US cargo shp Nishmaha bound for Philadelphia. 



15 dec 2016. Added one picture at BRAZILIAN ANVY - CV HENRIQUE DIAS The picture shows the Brazilian Navy Corvette during the launching ceremony at Henrique Lages Shipyard Rio de Janeiro Sep 1943.



17 NOV 2016 - Added one picture at BRAZIL THE HARD ROAD TO WAR -  DEFENSE PLANNING AND FEB page. The picture above shows a batch of US made guns when arriving at Rio de Janeiro harbor. The contract with the Americans included the purchase of 137 cannons destined for coast artillery and dated February 26, 1940, although negotiations began in September 1939. 


Resultado de imagem para altmark


29 SET 2016 - Added one page at RAIDER ADM GRAF SPEE Article. It tells the story of the German tanker and supply ship Altmark and her involvement in the famous Altmark incident whe in february 1940 whilst under cover in Norway fjord the same was approached by the Royal Navy Destroyer HMS Cossack that rescued 299 crewmembers of British merchants sunk by the Graf Spee in south Atlantic. The raider had already released 66 crewmembers of British ships sunk in South Atlantic and the SS Africa Shell off Mozambique. 



25 SEP 2016. Added the picture above at BRAZIL THE HARD ROAD TO WAR / WE WANT WAR page. The same depicts the US Embassy at Rio de Janeiro.  Ambassador Jefferson Caffery and his staff developed intense diplomatic activity aiming to involve and attract the country into allied cause. Caffery had a close relationship with Brazilian President Getulio Vargas. 


 

 

15 SEP 2016 - Added 3 more pictures at ASCENSION ISLAND / THE BUILDING OF AN AIRFIELD from USAT Coamo, Freighter Luckenbach, SS Pan Royal and a large view of the runway at Ascension soon after its paving. That distant airbase in the middle of the south Atlantic 1200 miles from Recife had paramount importance on the flow of thousands of aircrafts ferried since US bases to the African and European theater.


30 AUG 2016. Added one picture at FAB - BRAZILIAN AIR FORCE Douglas B 18 BOLO. In the photo 3 B 18 from 99th Bombardment Group overfly the Amazon jungle. one of them depth charged and sunk U- 512 off Cayenne French Guyana 02 Oct 1942


20 AUG 2016 - Added 3 pictures at RECIFE FOURTH FLEET HEADQUARTERS AP 112 GAL MANN. 



01 JUL 2016 - Added one more page at SWEDISH SHIPS SUNK. This time the merchant ship Japan which was sunk on 4 May 1941 250NM off Freetown. 54 Survivors landed in two lifeboats at French Guinea, and were interned by Vichy authorities. Later 27 Swedish crewmembers were released and returned to Sweden.



22 JUN 2016 - Added one new page at BRAZIL THE HARD ROAD TO WAR ( OPERATION FELIX) The German plan to seize Gibraltar and close British access to the Mediterranenan by West thus turning the task of protecting bases in Egypt a very difficult task, increasing in months the journey of Royal Navy ships assist and supply  Alexandria via the Suez Canal very dangerous and risky. 



17 JUN 2016 - Added one rare picture at US NAVY BASES IN BRAZIL (Page 15 NAF RECIFE) with a panoramic view from Ibura Airfield at Recife and its three runways. The base was used for ferry flights to African front, and for use of Brazilian and US patrol planes over the south Atlantic. 



29 MAY 2016 - Added one new page at GERMAN RAIDERS, (Page 25 RAIDER THOR) with the story of the German Raider which in action in the south Atlantic sank 14 merchant ships and engaged with British Armed Merchant Cruiser Alcantara off Brazilian coast inflicting severe damage to the AMC,



27 MAY 2016 - Added one page and pictures at BELGIAN SHIPS SUNK (Page 4 BRUGES.) One more allied merchant ship sunk in the south Atlantic now totalling 405 allied merchants sunk south of 10º 00" N, the area considered the South Atlantic theater.



23 May 2016 - Added 3 pictures at BRAZILIAN AIR FORCE (Page 31 VULTEE VENGEANCE) The versatile sturdy Vengeance served at Brazilian Air Force as a dive bomber  and patrol escorting convoys.



22 May 2016 -  added picture on PARNAMIRIM FIELD (Page 20) and text on the construction of the Air Base, its facilities for fuel covering twenty steel surface tanks with a total capacity of 528,300 gallons, twelve underground steel tanks five-seven fixed platforms pumps. The supply of fuel to the base was carried out by tank trucks and lines plumbing (pipe-line) which amounted to about twenty kilometers of pipes.



15 May 2016 - Added American newspaper clipping about the rescue of the 9 survivors including a boy from SS Robin Moor sunk by U-69 some 500 miles off Natal on Northeastern coast. They were rescued by the Brazilian merchant Ozorio after 19 days adrift in South Atlantic.



10 May 2016 - Added a picture of one brazilian Lockheed Hudson and its crew which took part in the sinking of the German uboat U 199 off Rio de Janeiro



08 May 2016. Added 2 pictures at GERMAN BLOCKADE RUNNERS / ANNELIESE ESSBERGER. German prisoners loading a US Army truck at Recife harbor following their rescue by USS Marblehead. Panoramic view of Brazilian Army Quarters at the town of Pouso Alegre where they were interned for several months.




06 May 2016. Added 5 pictures at GERMAN BLOCKADE RUNNERS / PORTLAND where German survivors are fished out by French Cruiser Georges Leygues and landed them at Dakar



23 APR 2016. Maj John Buyers passed away.

With deep sorrow  we announce the death of Maj. John Buyers. Born to American parents in Brazil, his family moved to the United States before the war. After Brazil's entry into the war in 1942, Buyers was sent to the newly created base Parnamirim Field in Natal where he made contact with Major Nero Moura, future commander of Fighter Group in Italy. With the creation of 1st Fighter Group on 1 Dec 43 Moura asked Buyers who spoke fluent Portuguese he could be assigned as the liaison officer of the Brazilian unit. Buyers followed all the training in Florida Panama and New York and embarked with them to Italy on Sep 44. In the theater he was a link between the Brasilian and American pilots and managed to get one B 25 Mitchell that was used as transport plane for the group  to the end of campaign. With the accumulation of lost pilots in combat Buyers volunteered to fly in combat  having flown to the end of the campaign 22 missions in P 47 all voluntarily. After the war he retired with the rank of Major and returned to Brazil where he established family. With his death the chapter of the Brazilian pilots who fought in Italy in World War II is closed. Rest in peace brave friend of Brazil.



21 APR 2016. Added at BRITISH SHIPS SUNK on LULWORTH HILL page one picture of the raft with the only two survivors being rescued by Royal Navy Destroyer Rapid after 49 days at sea.


06 APR 2016.  Added at BRITISH SHIPS SUNK page the history and saga of the prisoners of ship CRITON and their ordeal at the prisoner's Camp of Timbuctoo. Extracted from " Reminiscences of Peter De Neumann.



27 MARCH 2016. Added a page at CAMP INGRAM RECIFE - FOURTH FLEET FARM. The effort of Admiral Jonas Ingram, the Fourth Fleet Commander in providing the best nutrition for his subordinates. Thousands of American sailors were based at Recife and they felt the lack of fresh vegetables and alike. The solution was found when the Pernambuco government ceded an rural area in the vicinities of Recfife where thechnicians in agriculture aided by Brazilian natives erected an important farm that supplied the American troops.


27 MARCH 2016. Added at CAMP INGRAM RECIFE one more page titled ATLANTA RECREATIONAL CENTER. A Brazilian Hospital located in the woods, a suburban area  of Recife that served as a Rehabilitation for many American sailors after long and tiresome journeys. The same was visited by Secretary of the Navy Frank Knox.


25 MARCH 2016. Added at BRITISH SHIPS SUNK on CITY OF CAIRO, one picture and text from Margareth Gordon, the brave Australian woman who was fished out by one Brazilian Corvette after sailing for 52 days and more than 2000 miles in the south Atlantic when her ship was torpedoed south of Santa Helena Is.



10  MARCH 2016. At CAMP INGRAM RECIFE, repaginated and added 2 more pictures and included the whole story with detailed text about the fire that took the US tanker LIVINGSTON ROE



08 SEP 2015. Added one more page at PARNAMIRIM FIELD. A new page containing 19 pictures from the life and hard work undertaken by those men which lived at that bustling airbase. A kindly contribution from Col. Ret. Tomic Neto (Brazilian Air Force)



06 AUG 2014. Added archival footage on "Uboat sunk in South Atlantic" / U-513 PICTURES. A full account on the last patrol mission of U-513 that ended with the demise of the uboat and the loss of 46 crewmembers. 



12 MAY 2014. Added one aerial picture from the Island of BAILIQUE on the Northern State of Amapa where the only survivor of Italian submarine ARCHIMEDI went ashore following an ordeal of 28 days in a raft. His sub was attacked and sunk some 100 miles northeast off Fernando de Noronha Is. by two US Navy PBY 5 Catalinas from VP Squadron 83.



12 MAY 2014. Added one picture at British Merchant Kirkpool page when ship plummeted beneath the waves.



11 MAY 2014. Added two large pictures at the British Merchant Empire Heath page, with details of the catapult and its operation as a CAM SHIP.



10 MAY 2014. Added one picture from the sinking of British Merchant DARKDALE occurred when moored at St. Helena Is. Picture shows the capsized bow of the ship.



09 MAY 2014. Added eleven pages with detailed information about the sinking of British Merchant CHARLBURY including a letter from the British consul at Recife to the Commander of USS OMAHA praising the 42 survivors for their courage in face of enemy attack.



25/ABR/2014. Added 3 pictures at US SHIPS SUNK/ Survivors of US merchant ship ALASKAN


13/JAN/2014. Added one picture and one page at US NAVY BASES IN BRAZIL Page 5 USN NAF Belem dedicated to Bill Fritz a US Navy veteran still alive 91, who served in several US bases in Brazilian coast.


12/JAN/2014, Added 3 pictures at BRAZIL THE HARD ROAD TO WAR Page 14 (Doenitz at Kernevel) including a brief comment on the Admiral's activity at his new Northern base in France.


04 DEC 2013. Added one picture of Brazilian Tender Belmonte taken at Recife harbor circa 1943.


31 OCT 2013. Added 15 more pictures at the page US NAVY ZP Squadrons in Brazil. The same show the activities of Navy Blimps at PICI field at Fortaleza and Santa Cruz Rio de Janeiro.


15/OCT/2013. The site now has 1222 pages and 3208 images including photos, maps.


15/AUG/2013. The site was completely redesigned and reprogrammed, including dozens of previously unpublished photos. Now with the opening of any page, the same can be sent instantly through social networks like Facebook and Tweeter including email. We still have much work ahead but we believe that by February 2014 we will add dozens of new pages


13/APR/2011. Added 3 rare pictures from US Navy Blimps at Amapa airfield.


12/APR/2011. Reprogrammed the Articles of all ships sunk in South Atlantic. Now they are split into 3 categories, being those which were sunk bu U-Boats, Raiders and Italian Submarines.


10/MAR/2011 Added several pages with history of British Navy in the south Atlantic. More than 170 ships were deployed at several bases along African coast.


30/JAN/2011. Added a new page with history and photos of Brazilian Naval Base at Natal.


25/JAN/2011- Added 5 photos of the main gates of Camp Ingram Recife as well as the Brazilian Naval base which was located adjacent to Camp Ingram.


07/JAN/2011. With the valuable help of the prestigious John H. Marsh Maritime Research Centre we acquired the rights to display the pictures of these 9 merchants sunk in the South Atlantic. They are the British LLANDILO, HAMLA, TRAFALGAR, SOLON II, RABAUL and TOWER GRANGE. The Norwegean ALFRED OLSEN, the American (Panamanian flag) CARDINA, and the Egyptian RADAMES.


10/SEP/2010. Added a new page titled ROYAL NAVY IN THE SOUTH ATLANTIC. A page devoted to Royal Navy would be more than timely and necessary once its presence in the south Atlantic was a decisive factor in the maintenance of the sea lanes and a support to the Fourth Fleet in chasing the menacing U-boats and raiders. Meanwhile it was the gallant British Merchant Navy which suffered by far the heaviest losses in men and merchants in the south Atlantic scenario. 5100 lost their lives and 850 were made POWs. Nearly 13,000 survived. We will add nearly 180 warships of the Royal Navy which had a constant presence in the south Atlantic along with 87 from South African Navy.


10/JUL/2010. Added one more article at COMMANDER SOUTH ATLANTIC FORCE. The 12th of this series tells the story of the the fuel problems the American Forces found at Brazilian ports and the urgency in building an efficient storage system along the bases at the long Brazilian Northeastern coast.


03/JUN/2010. Added two pictures of British planes being uncrated at Takoradi, as well as a few others being carried in trucks through Cairo.


02/JUN/2010. Added one long article written by Frank Mc Cann "Brazil the Forgotten Ally", an in depth analysis on the country's weakness and isolation before the war and the modernization and challenges it faced after the conflict.


01/JUN/2010. Added one more article of the COMMANDER SOUTH ATLANTIC FORCE regarding the Liaison between Brazilian-U.S.-Royal Navy, concerning the defence of the south Atlantic sea lanes including the preparations for the establishment of the U.S. bases and delivery of warships to Brazil.


29/MAY/2010. Added 5 pictures to the U-164 and U-863 pages.


14/MAY/2010. Added one more ship to the BRAZILIAN NAVY AT WAR, the survey ship Parnaiba.


10/MAY/2010. Reformatted several pages enclosing them in one single article page like US NAVY SQUADRONS IN BRAZIL and THE FOURTH FLEET. This system enabled a much easier way to search any page.


22/APR/2010. Added the complete story of  the most operative Navy Air Squadron in Brazil, VP-94 with several interesting pages.


21/MAR/2010. Added one more page at RECIFE THE FOURTH FLEET HEADQUARTERS, “Recife Harbor”, code named Base Fox.


20/MAR/2010. Several pictures added in PARNAMIRIM FIELD “The Ferry Flights” the gigantic operation to ferry thousands of airplanes across 3 continents, a 10,000 mile journey from Miami to the beleaguered British Army in Egypt.


19/MAR/2010. Added several new pictures at AIRPORT DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM, The Building of Parnamirim” showing the great effort undertaken by Pan American Engineers in building in a record time the biggest airbase outside US 


18/MAR/2010. Added the page PREDECESSORS, at L.A.T.I. ITALIAN AIRLINES IN BRAZIL .The same was sent by Marino Miccoli son of Antonio Miccoli one crewmember of Italian Destroyer Antonio Pancaldo. The same was part of the support fleet that came to the south Atlantic with 14 flying boats in a historical Raid Roma-Rio de Janeiro in 1931. Antonio Miccoli was chief Petty officer at the Cruiser FIUME during the War II.


17/MAR/2010. Added one more page in COMMANDER SOUTH ATLANTIC FORCE, “Brazil Declares War”, from unedited documents provided by Patrick Clancey.


20/FEB/2010. Added one more ship captured in the south Atlantic, this time the Norwegian tanker Sandefjord, captured by Adm. Scheer.


19/FEB/2010 Added several more interesting pages. Created one more article titled SURVIVORS IN THE SOUTH ATLANTIC. It deals with the impressive number of almost 20,000 survivors and where they landed. For now we put all those who were landed in Brazilian ports. Next pages will be dedicated for those who were rescued by the British in African ports.


10/FEB/2010. Added the last remaining UBOATS IN ACTION IN THE SOUTH ATLANTIC: U-516, U-58, U-532, U-547, U-572, U-582, U-590, U-618, U-752, U-757, U-843, U-848, U-852, U-861, U-862. They were responsible for the sinking of 366 foreign ships and damages in other 10. They also sank 18 Brazilian ships and damaged one.


11/FEB/2010. Added one page at BRAZILIAN NAVY AT WAR, this time LIEUTENANT FREIRE'S JOURNEY INTO WAR. A timely tribute to the young Brazilian sailor who was a crewmember of the Cananeia, one of the six Anti submarine minelayers converted into Corvettes. 


24/JAN/2010. Added the stories of the following UBOATS IN ACTION IN THE SOUTH ATLANTIC: U-202,U-505, U-506, U-507, U-508, U-509, U-510, U-512, U-513, U-514, U-515. Also added 4 more ships in FOREIGN SHIPS SUNK IN SOUTH ATLANTIC. They are: MARK HANNA, EVERAGRA, S.B. HUNT, GEORGE MEADE, now rising to 388 ships sunk/damaged in the south Atlantic area.


14/JAN/2010. Added a few more Uboats in UBOATS IN ACTION IN THE SOUTH ATLANTIC. They are: U-156, U-159, U-160, U-161, U-162, U-164, U-170, U-172, U-174, U-175, U-176, U-177, U-17


 

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